9 Logico-philosophical Essays
Author: Willard Van Orman Quine
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674323513
Category: Philosophy
Page: 184
View: 4087
These nine essays are largely concerned with the theory of meaning and referencesâe"semantics. At the same time adjacent portions of philosophy and logic are discussed. To the existence of what objects may a given scientific theory be said to be committed? And what considerations may suitably guide us in accepting or revising such ontological commitments? These are among the questions dealt with in this book, particular attention being devoted to the role of abstract entities in mathematics. There is speculation on the mechanism whereby objects of one sort or another come to be posited, a process in which the notion of identity plays an important part.
A Manual of Intensional Logic
Author: Johan F. A. K. van Benthem
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications
ISBN: 9780937073292
Category: Mathematics
Page: 145
View: 8061
The Mathematics of Language
Author: Marcus Kracht
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110895668
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 605
View: 1484
Quantum (Un)speakables
From Bell to Quantum Information
Author: R.A. Bertlmann,A. Zeilinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662050323
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 485
View: 484
This outstanding collection of essays leads the reader from the foundations of quantum mechanics to quantum entanglement, quantum cryptography, and quantum information, and is written for all those in need of a thorough insight into this new area of physics.
Author: R.A. Bertlmann,A. Zeilinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662050323
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 485
View: 484
Rationality and Logic
Author: Hanna
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262263114
Category: Philosophy
Page: 344
View: 3835
Foundations of Quantum Theory
From Classical Concepts to Operator Algebras
Author: Klaas Landsman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319517775
Category: Science
Page: 861
View: 2345
This book studies the foundations of quantum theory through its relationship to classical physics. This idea goes back to the Copenhagen Interpretation (in the original version due to Bohr and Heisenberg), which the author relates to the mathematical formalism of operator algebras originally created by von Neumann. The book therefore includes comprehensive appendices on functional analysis and C*-algebras, as well as a briefer one on logic, category theory, and topos theory. Matters of foundational as well as mathematical interest that are covered in detail include symmetry (and its "spontaneous" breaking), the measurement problem, the Kochen-Specker, Free Will, and Bell Theorems, the Kadison-Singer conjecture, quantization, indistinguishable particles, the quantum theory of large systems, and quantum logic, the latter in connection with the topos approach to quantum theory. This book is Open Access under a CC BY licence.
Author: Klaas Landsman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319517775
Category: Science
Page: 861
View: 2345
Fuzzy Logic in Control
Author: N.A
Publisher: Rene Jager
ISBN: 9090083189
Category:
Page: 312
View: 7345
Paradigms and Paradoxes
The Philosophical Challenge of the Quantum Domain
Author: Robert G. Colodny
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 082297598X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 466
View: 790
The revolution involving the foundations of the physical sciences heralded by relativity and quantum theories has been stimulating philosophers for many years. Both of these comprehensive sets of concepts have involved profound challenges to traditional theories of epistemology, ontology, and language. This volume gathers six experts in physics, logic and philosophy to discuss developments in space exploration and nuclear science and their impact on the philosophy of science.
Author: Robert G. Colodny
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 082297598X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 466
View: 790
Communication, action, and meaning
the creation of social realities
Author: W. Barnett Pearce,Vernon E. Cronen
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 362
View: 3275
Author: W. Barnett Pearce,Vernon E. Cronen
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 362
View: 3275
Logic in Reality
Author: JOSEPH BRENNER
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083750
Category: Philosophy
Page: 362
View: 3843
Evil Media
Author: Matthew Fuller,Andrew Goffey
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262304406
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 2633
Russell's Logical Atomism
Author: David Bostock
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199651442
Category: Mathematics
Page: 302
View: 9108
Emergence and Embodiment
New Essays on Second-Order Systems Theory
Author: Bruce Clarke,Mark B. N. Hansen
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822391388
Category: Science
Page: 294
View: 1739
Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic developments that stem from the second-order turn in the 1970s, when the cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster catalyzed new thinking about the cognitive implications of self-referential systems. The crucial shift he inspired was from first-order cybernetics’ attention to homeostasis as a mode of autonomous self-regulation in mechanical and informatic systems, to second-order concepts of self-organization and autopoiesis in embodied and metabiotic systems. The collection opens with an interview with von Foerster and then traces the lines of neocybernetic thought that have followed from his work. In response to the apparent dissolution of boundaries at work in the contemporary technosciences of emergence, neocybernetics observes that cognitive systems are operationally bounded, semi-autonomous entities coupled with their environments and other systems. Second-order systems theory stresses the recursive complexities of observation, mediation, and communication. Focused on the neocybernetic contributions of von Foerster, Francisco Varela, and Niklas Luhmann, this collection advances theoretical debates about the cultural, philosophical, and literary uses of their ideas. In addition to the interview with von Foerster, Emergence and Embodiment includes essays by Varela and Luhmann. It engages with Humberto Maturana’s and Varela’s creation of the concept of autopoiesis, Varela’s later work on neurophenomenology, and Luhmann’s adaptations of autopoiesis to social systems theory. Taken together, these essays illuminate the shared commitments uniting the broader discourse of neocybernetics. Contributors. Linda Brigham, Bruce Clarke, Mark B. N. Hansen, Edgar Landgraf, Ira Livingston, Niklas Luhmann, Hans-Georg Moeller, John Protevi, Michael Schiltz, Evan Thompson, Francisco J. Varela, Cary Wolfe
Author: Bruce Clarke,Mark B. N. Hansen
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822391388
Category: Science
Page: 294
View: 1739
Metamagical Themas
Questing For The Essence Of Mind And Pattern
Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0786723866
Category: Psychology
Page: 880
View: 2113
Hofstadter’s collection of quirky essays is unified by its primary concern: to examine the way people perceive and think.
Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0786723866
Category: Psychology
Page: 880
View: 2113
Logical Syntax of Language
Author: Rudolf Carnap
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317830601
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 7559
A New Foundation for Representation in Cognitive and Brain Science
Category Theory and the Hippocampus
Author: Jaime Gómez Ramirez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400777388
Category: Medical
Page: 193
View: 8439
The purpose of the book is to advance in the understanding of brain function by defining a general framework for representation based on category theory. The idea is to bring this mathematical formalism into the domain of neural representation of physical spaces, setting the basis for a theory of mental representation, able to relate empirical findings, uniting them into a sound theoretical corpus. The innovative approach presented in the book provides a horizon of interdisciplinary collaboration that aims to set up a common agenda that synthesizes mathematical formalization and empirical procedures in a systemic way. Category theory has been successfully applied to qualitative analysis, mainly in theoretical computer science to deal with programming language semantics. Nevertheless, the potential of category theoretic tools for quantitative analysis of networks has not been tackled so far. Statistical methods to investigate graph structure typically rely on network parameters. Category theory can be seen as an abstraction of graph theory. Thus, new categorical properties can be added into network analysis and graph theoretic constructs can be accordingly extended in more fundamental basis. By generalizing networks using category theory we can address questions and elaborate answers in a more fundamental way without waiving graph theoretic tools. The vital issue is to establish a new framework for quantitative analysis of networks using the theory of categories, in which computational neuroscientists and network theorists may tackle in more efficient ways the dynamics of brain cognitive networks. The intended audience of the book is researchers who wish to explore the validity of mathematical principles in the understanding of cognitive systems. All the actors in cognitive science: philosophers, engineers, neurobiologists, cognitive psychologists, computer scientists etc. are akin to discover along its pages new unforeseen connections through the development of concepts and formal theories described in the book. Practitioners of both pure and applied mathematics e.g., network theorists, will be delighted with the mapping of abstract mathematical concepts in the terra incognita of cognition.
Author: Jaime Gómez Ramirez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400777388
Category: Medical
Page: 193
View: 8439
Contagious Architecture
Computation, Aesthetics, and Space
Author: Luciana Parisi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262018632
Category: Computers
Page: 370
View: 4351
A proposal that algorithms are not simply instructions to be performed but thinking entities that construct digital spatio-temporalities. In Contagious Architecture, Luciana Parisi offers a philosophical inquiry into the status of the algorithm in architectural and interaction design. Her thesis is that algorithmic computation is not simply an abstract mathematical tool but constitutes a mode of thought in its own right, in that its operation extends into forms of abstraction that lie beyond direct human cognition and control. These include modes of infinity, contingency, and indeterminacy, as well as incomputable quantities underlying the iterative process of algorithmic processing. The main philosophical source for the project is Alfred North Whitehead, whose process philosophy is specifically designed to provide a vocabulary for "modes of thought" exhibiting various degrees of autonomy from human agency even as they are mobilized by it. Because algorithmic processing lies at the heart of the design practices now reshaping our world--from the physical spaces of our built environment to the networked spaces of digital culture--the nature of algorithmic thought is a topic of pressing importance that reraises questions of control and, ultimately, power. Contagious Architecture revisits cybernetic theories of control and information theory's notion of the incomputable in light of this rethinking of the role of algorithmic thought. Informed by recent debates in political and cultural theory around the changing landscape of power, it links the nature of abstraction to a new theory of power adequate to the complexities of the digital world.
Author: Luciana Parisi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262018632
Category: Computers
Page: 370
View: 4351
Mathematics without Numbers
Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation
Author: Geoffrey Hellman
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 019152011X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 166
View: 5178
Geoffrey Hellman presents a detailed interpretation of mathematics as the investigation of structural possibilities, as opposed to absolute, Platonic objects. After dealing with the natural numbers and analysis, he extends his approach to set theory, and shows how to dispense with a fixed universe of sets. Finally, he addresses problems of application to the physical world.
Author: Geoffrey Hellman
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 019152011X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 166
View: 5178
Computable Foundations for Economics
Author: K. Vela Velupillai
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134253362
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 512
View: 5619
Consistent Quantum Theory
Author: Robert B. Griffiths
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521539296
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 1428