• Health & Fitness

The Embryo Research Debate

Science and the Politics of Reproduction
Author: Michael Mulkay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576833
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 212
View: 5674
Highly accessible cultural account of the debates concerning human embryo research.

    • Medical

The Body Divided

Human Beings and Human 'Material' in Modern Medical History
Author: Dr Sarah Ferber,Ms Sally Wilde
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409482847
Category: Medical
Page: 264
View: 2558
Bodies and body parts of the dead have long been considered valuable material for use in medical science. Over time and in different places, they have been dissected, autopsied, investigated, harvested for research and therapeutic purposes, collected to turn into museum and other specimens, and then displayed, disposed of, and exchanged. This book examines the history of such activities, from the early nineteenth century through to the present, as they took place in hospitals, universities, workhouses, asylums and museums in England, Australia and elsewhere. Through a series of case studies, the volume reveals the changing scientific, economic and emotional value of corpses and their contested place in medical science.

    • Social Science

The Therapeutic Cloning Debate

Global Science and Journalism in the Public Sphere
Author: Eric A. Jensen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317014162
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 2570
Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK as two leading scientific nations grappling with the global issue of therapeutic cloning, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field. Empirically grounded and theoretically innovative, The Therapeutic Cloning Debate will appeal to social scientists across a range of disciplines with interests in science communication, public engagement, cultural and media studies, science politics, science journalism, the sociology of expert knowledge and risk. It will also appeal to scientists, journalists, policymakers and others interested in how news media frame science for the public.

    • Social Science

The Limits to Governance

The Challenge of Policy-Making for the New Life Sciences
Author: Dr Catherine Lyall,Dr Theo Papaioannou,Mr James Smith
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409491781
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 8179
Does the state still frame debates about new technology? Can policy-makers ensure the benefits of health developments through genomics while still satisfying the expectations of society and the economic imperatives? In this critique of the new governance agenda for research and innovation in life sciences, the authors discuss the world-wide policy decisions needed, with particular reference to genomics. They suggest the many facets of policy and could be treated as a government–governance continuum, where different aspects of genomics may sit at different points, and co-exist. Their findings offer valuable insights for the future and will help promote a global solution to this problem.

    • Social Science

Biological Relatives

IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship
Author: Sarah Franklin
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822378256
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 1285
Thirty-five years after its initial success as a form of technologically assisted human reproduction, and five million miracle babies later, in vitro fertilization (IVF) has become a routine procedure worldwide. In Biological Relatives, Sarah Franklin explores how the normalization of IVF has changed how both technology and biology are understood. Drawing on anthropology, feminist theory, and science studies, Franklin charts the evolution of IVF from an experimental research technique into a global technological platform used for a wide variety of applications, including genetic diagnosis, livestock breeding, cloning, and stem cell research. She contends that despite its ubiquity, IVF remains a highly paradoxical technology that confirms the relative and contingent nature of biology while creating new biological relatives. Using IVF as a lens, Franklin presents a bold and lucid thesis linking technologies of gender and sex to reproductive biomedicine, contemporary bioinnovation, and the future of kinship.

    • Political Science

Knowledge Politics

Author: Nico Stehr
Publisher: Paradigm Pub
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 8978
This book argues that new technologies and society's response to them havecreated a relatively new phenomenon, "knowledge politics." Nico Stehr describesWestern society's response to a host of new technologies developed only since the1970s, including genetic experiments, test-tube human conception, recombinantDNA, and embryonic stem cells; genetically engineered foods; neurogenetics andgenetic engineering; and reproductive cloning and the reconstruction of thehuman ancestral genome. He looks also at the prospective fusion ofnanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, transgenic humanengineering, and cognitive science whose products may, as its boosters claim, someday cure disease, slow the aging process, eliminate pollution, and generallyenhance human performance.Knowledge Politics shows how human civilization has reached a new era of concernabout the life-altering potentials of new technologies. Concerns about the societalconsequences of an unfettered expansion of (natural) scientific knowledge arebeing raised more urgently and are moving to the center of disputes in society--and thus to the top of the political agenda. Stehr explains the ramifications ofknowledge politics and the approaches society could take to resolve difficultquestions and conflicts over present and future scientific innovation.

    • Science

Technoscience and everyday life

the complex simplicities of the mundane
Author: Mike Michael
Publisher: Open Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780335217069
Category: Science
Page: 186
View: 6595
Theoretically innovative and empirically wide-ranging, this book examines the complex relations between technoscience and everyday life. It draws on numerous examples, including both mundane technologies such as Velcro, Post-it notes, mobile phones and surveillance cameras, and the esoterica of xenotransplantation, new genetics, nanotechnology and posthuman society. Technoscience and Everyday Life traces the multiple ways in which technoscience features in and affects the dynamics of everyday life, and explores how the everyday influences the course of technoscience. In the process, it takes account of a range of core social scientific themes: body, identity, citizenship, society, space, and time. It combines critique and microsocial analysis to develop several novel conceptual tools, and addresses key contemporary theoretical debates on posthumanism, social-material divides, process philosophy and complexity, temporality and spatiality.The book is a major contribution to the sociology of everyday life, science and technology studies, and social theory.

    • Science

Media, risk, and science

Author: Stuart Allan
Publisher: Open Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780335206636
Category: Science
Page: 235
View: 6026
* How is science represented by the media? * Who defines what counts as a risk, threat or hazard, and why? * In what ways do media images of science shape public perceptions? * What can cultural and media studies tell us about current scientific controversies? Media, Risk and Science is an exciting exploration into an array of important issues, providing a much needed framework for understanding key debates on how the media represent science and risk. In a highly effective way, Stuart Allan weaves together insights from multiple strands of research across diverse disciplines. Among the themes he examines are: the role of science in science fiction, such as Star Trek; the problem of 'pseudo-science' in The X-Files; and how science is displayed in science museums. Science journalism receives particular attention, with the processes by which science is made 'newsworthy' unravelled for careful scrutiny. The book also includes individual chapters devoted to how the media portray environmental risks, HIV-AIDS, food scares (such as BSE or 'mad cow disease' and GM foods) and human cloning. The result is a highly topical text that will be invaluable for students and scholars in cultural and media studies, science studies, journalism, sociology and politics.

    • Social Science

At Women's Expense

State Power and the Politics of Fetal Rights
Author: Cynthia R. DANIELS,Cynthia R Daniels
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674030168
Category: Social Science
Page: 191
View: 1198

    • Sociology

American Sociological Review

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3850
Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."

    • English literature

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 5248

    • Business & Economics


Studies in Anthropology
Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 9780745320601
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 248
View: 7730
Globalisation has had a massive impact on the teaching and practice of anthropology. This important new book, edited by leading anthropologist Thomas Hylland Eriksen, addresses the methodological problems that these changes have wrought, and in doing so fills a major gap in the contemporary study and teaching of anthropology.The essays in this book show how the focus has shifted from traditional studies of specific sites, towards the movements and shifts assoicated with increasing migration and population flows -- the result of living in an increasingly globalised world. Written by a range of distinguished anthropologists, it offers innovative new approaches to the discipline in the light of these changes, making it indispensable as a teaching text, at higher levels, and as mandatory reading for practitioners and researchers in a wide range of merging disciplines. Topics explored include the methodology of studying on the internet; global and spatial identities in the Caribbean; shifting boundaries in coastal communities; the anthropology of political life; issues of law and the flow of human substances; and the diffusion of moral values created by globalisation.

    • Social Science

Icons of Life

A Cultural History of Human Embryos
Author: Lynn Morgan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520944720
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 8963
Icons of Life tells the engrossing and provocative story of an early twentieth-century undertaking, the Carnegie Institution of Washington's project to collect thousands of embryos for scientific study. Lynn M. Morgan blends social analysis, sleuthing, and humor to trace the history of specimen collecting. In the process, she illuminates how a hundred-year-old scientific endeavor continues to be felt in today's fraught arena of maternal and fetal politics. Until the embryo collecting project-which she follows from the Johns Hopkins anatomy department, through Baltimore foundling homes, and all the way to China-most people had no idea what human embryos looked like. But by the 1950s, modern citizens saw in embryos an image of "ourselves unborn," and embryology had developed a biologically based story about how we came to be. Morgan explains how dead specimens paradoxically became icons of life, how embryos were generated as social artifacts separate from pregnant women, and how a fetus thwarted Gertrude Stein's medical career. By resurrecting a nearly forgotten scientific project, Morgan sheds light on the roots of a modern origin story and raises the still controversial issue of how we decide what embryos mean.

    • Reference

The Best Books for Academic Libraries: Medicine

Author: N.A
Publisher: Best Books
ISBN: 9780722200124
Category: Reference
Page: 336
View: 7463
Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.

    • Science

Science & Public Policy

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8090

    • Literary Criticism

Fetal subjects, feminist positions

Author: Lynn Marie Morgan,Meredith W. Michaels
Publisher: Univ of Pennsylvania Pr
ISBN: 9780812234961
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 345
View: 9984
Since Roe v. Wade, there has been increasing public interest in fetuses, in part as a result of effective antiabortion propaganda and in part as a result of developments in medicine and technology. While feminists have begun to take note of the proliferation of fetal images in various media, such as medical journals, magazines, and motion pictures, few have openly addressed the problems that the emergence of the fetal subject poses for feminism. Fetal Subjects, Feminist Positions foregrounds feminism's effort to focus on the importance of women's reproductive agency, and at the same time acknowledges the increasing significance of fetal subjects in public discourse and private experience. Essays address the public fascination with the fetal subject and its implications for abortion discourse and feminist commitment to reproductive rights in the United States. Contributors include scholars from fields as diverse as anthropology, communications, political science, sociology, and philosophy. This timely volume provides scholars and reproductive rights activists a forum for dialogue about fetuses without conceding to a moral or political agenda that would sanctify them at women's expense.

    • History, Modern

Historical Abstracts

Twentieth century abstracts, 1914-2000
Author: Eric H. Boehm
Publisher: N.A
Category: History, Modern
Page: N.A
View: 6404

    • Social Science

Commons and Borderlands

Working Papers on Interdisciplinarity, Accountability and the Flow of Knowledge
Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Sean Kingston Pub
ISBN: 9780954557225
Category: Social Science
Page: 102
View: 2171
A leading social anthropologist examines early 21st-century interests in interdisciplinarity, with particular attention to the conjunction of science and society. (Archaeology)