• Health & Fitness

The Embryo Research Debate

Science and the Politics of Reproduction
Author: Michael Mulkay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576833
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 212
View: 9788
Highly accessible cultural account of the debates concerning human embryo research.

    • Medical

The Human Embryo Research Debates

Bioethics in the Vortex of Controversy
Author: Ronald M. Green
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199761892
Category: Medical
Page: 256
View: 1003
Research on the early human embryo has long been recognized as essential to progress in a host of biomedical areas from reproductive medicine to the treatment of pediatric cancers. Now, with the possibility of stem cell research and cell replacement therapies, embryo research holds out the promise of cures for many serious disease conditions such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Despite its importance, however, human embryo research has met powerful opposition. Drawing on his experience as a member of the NIH's Human Embryo Research Panel, Green offers a first-hand account of the embryo research debates. In telling this story, he periodically pauses to reflect on some of the leading philosophical challenges posed by embryo research and new interventions at the start of life. Among the questions he examines are: What is the impact of new biological information on our thinking about life's beginning? May parents risk injuring a child in order to have it? What role should religion play in shaping biomedical policy in a controversial area like this? This is a fascinating insider's account of one of the most important, if unsuccessful, recent efforts to come to terms with a controversial area of scientific research.

    • Medical

The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate

Science, Ethics, and Public Policy
Author: Suzanne Holland,Karen Lebacqz,Laurie Zoloth
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262582087
Category: Medical
Page: 257
View: 1994
Discusses the ethical issues involved in the use of human embryonic stem cells in regenerative medicine.

    • Religion

The Stem Cell Debate


Author: Ted Peters
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0800662296
Category: Religion
Page: 133
View: 4692
"The worldwide debate about stem cells involves religion, ethics, politics, and medicine. It calls for people of faith to learn deeply, think carefully, and contribute fully. Peters's book relates the science of stem cells and regenerative medicine in lay terms. It also traces the strongly divided ethical debate to three very different moral frameworks and shows the deepest and legitimate concerns of each, alongside the secular ethical framework employed in most medical ethics."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Medical

Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate

The Scientific, Religious, Ethical, and Political Issues
Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe,Ronald Miller,Jerome Tobis
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520252128
Category: Medical
Page: 218
View: 9805
"What the editors have managed to accomplish with Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate is very significant. The book is well-informed, sophisticated, and attends to the moral and scientific complexities of stem cell research, rather than sweeping them under the rug. This book encompasses the complexities without sacrificing the other main virtue of the collection: to definitively illuminate the debate for all."—Jason Scott Robert, author of Embryology, Epigenesis, & Evolution: Taking Development Seriously

    • Law

The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research


Author: Katrien Devolder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199547998
Category: Law
Page: 167
View: 1461
Embryonic stem cell research holds great promise for biomedical research, but involves the destruction of human embryos. Katrien Devolder explores the tension between the view that embryos should never be deliberately harmed and the view that such research must go forward, and provides an in-depth analysis of major attempts to resolve the problem.

    • Political Science

Embryo Politics

Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies
Author: Thomas Banchoff
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461071
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 4701
Since the first fertilization of a human egg in the laboratory in 1968, scientific and technological breakthroughs have raised ethical dilemmas and generated policy controversies on both sides of the Atlantic. Embryo, stem cell, and cloning research have provoked impassioned political debate about their religious, moral, legal, and practical implications. National governments make rules that govern the creation, destruction, and use of embryos in the laboratory-but they do so in profoundly different ways. In Embryo Politics, Thomas Banchoff provides a comprehensive overview of political struggles aboutembryo research during four decades in four countries-the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. Banchoff's book, the first of its kind, demonstrates the impact of particular national histories and institutions on very different patterns of national governance. Over time, he argues, partisan debate and religious-secular polarization have come to overshadow ethical reflection and political deliberation on the moral status of the embryo and the promise of biomedical research. Only by recovering a robust and public ethical debate will we be able to govern revolutionary life-science technologies effectively and responsibly into the future.

    • Science

Translational Stem Cell Research

Issues Beyond the Debate on the Moral Status of the Human Embryo
Author: Kristina Hug,Göran Hermerén
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781607619598
Category: Science
Page: 462
View: 6323
For many years, the ethical discussion surrounding human embryonic stem cell research has focused on the moral status of the embryo. This text takes a wider moral berth and focuses on numerous ethical, legal and social aspects involved in translating the results of stem cell research into diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Translational Stem Cell Research is broken into ten sections. It opens with an overview of the latest in stem cell research, focusing on specific diseases and the treatment of burn victims. Part II discusses the issues involved in the many steps from bench to bedside, ranging from first research in vitro to clinical trials. Part III covers scientific, regulatory and ethical challenges to basic research, and Part IV details issues regarding stem cell banks. Part V explores ethical, economic and strategic issues involved in collaboration between universities and industry, and Part VI addresses legal problems raised by patents on human stem-cell based inventions plus the extent to which there can be technological solutions to a moral dilemma. Part VII presents imaginative ways of communicating research to the general public and how to create conditions for a constructive dialogue. Part VIII probes psychosocial and cultural factors affecting judgment and decisions about translational stem cell research, and Part IX explores problems and procedures raised by an examination of the evaluation of stem cell research projects in research ethics committees. The book closes with a look into the future of translational stem cell research and stem cell-based therapeutic applications.

    • Medical

Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research


Author: Insoo Hyun
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521768691
Category: Medical
Page: 235
View: 7422
This book provides a sophisticated yet accessible account of emerging trends in stem cell research and their accompanying ethical issues.

    • Juvenile Nonfiction

The Stem Cell Debate

The Ethics and Science Behind the Research
Author: Laura Black
Publisher: Enslow Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780766025455
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 128
View: 1524
Discusses the research and concerns of Stem cell.

    • Medical

Experiments in Democracy

Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics
Author: Benjamin Hurlbut
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542917
Category: Medical
Page: 352
View: 1330
Human embryo research touches upon strongly felt moral convictions, and it raises such deep questions about the promise and perils of scientific progress that debate over its development has become a moral and political imperative. From in vitro fertilization to embryonic stem cell research, cloning, and gene editing, Americans have repeatedly struggled with how to define the moral status of the human embryo, whether to limit its experimental uses, and how to contend with sharply divided public moral perspectives on governing science. Experiments in Democracy presents a history of American debates over human embryo research from the late 1960s to the present, exploring their crucial role in shaping norms, practices, and institutions of deliberation governing the ethical challenges of modern bioscience. J. Benjamin Hurlbut details how scientists, bioethicists, policymakers, and other public figures have attempted to answer a question of great consequence: how should the public reason about aspects of science and technology that effect fundamental dimensions of human life? Through a study of one of the most significant science policy controversies in the history of the United States, Experiments in Democracy paints a portrait of the complex relationship between science and democracy, and of U.S. society's evolving approaches to evaluating and governing science's most challenging breakthroughs.

    • Medical

Contested Cells

Global Perspectives on the Stem Cell Debate
Author: Benjamin J. Capps,Alastair V. Campbell
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848164378
Category: Medical
Page: 486
View: 4288
This book represents the coming together of a number of internationally renowned scholars from science, philosophy, law and social science. Each author presents a distinctive and critical account of the current ethical, social and jurisprudential issues concerning stem cell science: together covering both its research beginnings, and the future translation into the clinical setting. Original to this volume is an emphasis on the inter-state implications of developments in stem cell science from the perspective of a truly global collaboration of leading authors. Academics and policy-makers will find it an invaluable contribution to the socio-political and ethical discourse of stem cell science. Contributions from a team of leading academic experts Covers a wide array of disciplines: with original contributions focusing on the technological, legal, social and ethical aspects of stem cell science A unique collection of international perspectives on developments in stem cell science Book jacket.

    • Medical

God and the Embryo

Religious Voices on Stem Cells and Cloning
Author: Brent Waters,Ronald Cole-Turner
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589013308
Category: Medical
Page: 240
View: 9100
Discussions and debates over the medical use of stem cells and cloning have always had a religious component. But there are many different religious voices. This anthology on how religious perspectives can inform the difficult issues of stem cell research and human cloning is essential to the discussion. Contributors reflect the spectrum of Christian responses, from liberal Protestant to evangelical to Roman Catholic. The noted moral philosopher, Laurie Zoloth, offers a Jewish approach to cloning, and Sondra Wheeler contributes her perspective on both Jewish and Christian understandings of embryonic stem cell research. In addition to the discussions found here, God and the Embryo includes a series of official statements on stem cell research and cloning from religious bodies, including the Roman Catholic Church, the Orthodox Church in America, the United Methodist Church, the Southern Baptist Convention, the United Church of Christ, the Presbyterian Church (USA), and the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America and the Rabbinical Council of America. "Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry," from the statement of the President's Council on Bioethics, concludes the book. The debates and the discussions will continue, but for anyone interested in the nuances of religious perspectives that make their important contributions to these ethically challenging and important dialectics, God and the Embryo is an invaluable resource.

    • Science

Whose View of Life?


Author: Jane MAIENSCHEIN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674040430
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 6771
Saving lives versus taking lives: These are the stark terms in which the public regards human embryo research--a battleground of extremes, a war between science and ethics. Such a simplistic dichotomy, encouraged by vociferous opponents of abortion and proponents of medical research, is precisely what Jane Maienschein seeks to counter with this book. Whose View of Life? brings the current debates into sharper focus by examining developments in stem cell research, cloning, and embryology in historical and philosophical context and by exploring legal, social, and ethical issues at the heart of what has become a political controversy. Drawing on her experience as a researcher, teacher, and congressional fellow, Jane Maienschein provides historical and contemporary analysis to aid understanding of the scientific and social forces that got us where we are today. For example, she explains the long-established traditions behind conflicting views of how life begins--at conception or gradually, in the course of development. She prepares us to engage a major question of our day: How are we, as a 21st-century democratic society, to navigate a course that is at the same time respectful of the range of competing views of life, built on the strongest possible basis of scientific knowledge, and still able to respond to the momentous opportunities and challenges presented to us by modern biology? Maienschein's multidisciplinary perspective will provide a starting point for further attempts to answer this question. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments Introduction 1. From the Beginning 2. Interpreting Embryos, Understanding Life 3. Genetics, Embryology, and Cloning Frogs 4. Recombinant DNA, IVF, and Abortion Politics 5. From Genetics to Genomania 6. Facts and Fantasies of Cloning 7. Hopes and Hypes for Stem Cells Conclusion Notes Index Reviews of this book: At what point does an embryo or fetus become 'human'? This question is at the core of today's battle over stem cell research, and that battle, Maienschein believes, is central to questions about the respective roles of science and morality in a democracy. Maienschein, director of the Center for Biology and Society at Arizona State University, puts the question of when life begins in historical and philosophical context....This book should be required reading for anyone trying to understand the scientific and ethical issues that will dominate medicine in the next quarter century. --Publishers Weekly Maienschein brilliantly brings to the debate a variable absent in most discussions of the subject--history...[She] offers an insider's view on several fronts. A well-established academic whose field is the history of developmental biology, she is also a former Congressional fellow, and thus is well placed to deplore politicians' strategic invocation of the phrase 'sound science' to support their a priori ideological positions. Her mantra is that good ethics begin with good facts, such as the fact that differentiated cells appear and have the capacity to experience sensation only after fourteen days; that the heart beats only after twenty-two days; that organisms at birth are the product of both genes and the womb environment, which interact in an endless feedback loop; that societies have in the past drawn the line on where life begins at myriad points and will continue to do so as science and our tools shift our understanding of what life is. In short, her message is that, in a democratic pluralistic society, we must use facts and the lessons of history rather than gut instincts...to navigate a course that is respectful of competing views while rising to the challenges of biomedicine. --Michele Pridmore-Brown, Times Literary Supplement [UK] The debate in America over abortion and research with human embryos is so polarized that it is easy to forget that today's passionately held views of the intrinsic moral status of the embryo are but the latest in an ever-evolving understanding of human biology and its implications for theology and philosophy. Jane Maienschein's delightful book Whose View of Life? is a welcome reminder--and, for optimists, represents the hope--that today's intransigence might someday yield to a humbler stance by all partisans in this debate. --R. Alta Charo, New England Journal of Medicine Maienschein's historical account is both engaging and accurate. --Robert Winston, Nature [UK] Jane Maienschein has written a startlingly clear account of our current knowledge and anxiety about embryos, stem cells and the swirl of politics that surrounds these issues. Whose View of Life? is widely informative and yet balanced and even. This is a book that should be read by scientists, ethicists, moralists and the general public. Indeed, I hope the publishers send a free copy to each member of Congress. --Michael S. Gazzaniga, Dean of the Faculty, Dartmouth College, and member of the President's Commission on Bioethics This is a wonderfully timely, sensible, and clear-headed look at the one of the most controversial issues in biomedicine today. It is just the book we would hope for from a distinguished historian of biology and medicine. Most people who have been following the story of cloning and stem cells for the last half dozen years or so--say since Dolly--have a grazing, close-up view. Whose View of Life? provides the panoramic perspective that we sorely need. How lucky we are to have Jane Maienschein to widen our horizons. --Jonathan Weiner, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Beak of the Finch Jane Maienschein has produced an invaluable book. She invites the reader to consider the question of how 'a life' has been defined from diverse viewpoints. Her rich experience as a scholar, teacher and legislative advisor makes her account essential reading for anyone interested in the social consequences of modern biology and biotechnology. --Garland Allen, Professor of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis

    • Medical

Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research


Author: Committee on Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309096537
Category: Medical
Page: 178
View: 368
Since 1998, the volume of research being conducted using human embryonic stem (hES) cells has expanded primarily using private funds because of restrictions on the use of federal funds for such research. Given limited federal involvement, privately funded hES cell research has thus far been carried out under a patchwork of existing regulations, many of which were not designed with this research specifically in mind. In addition, hES cell research touches on many ethical, legal, scientific, and policy issues that are of concern to the public. This report provides guidelines for the conduct of hES cell research to address both ethical and scientific concerns. The guidelines are intended to enhance the integrity of privately funded hES cell research by encouraging responsible practices in the conduct of that research.

    • Philosophy

Stem Cell Research

The Ethical Issues
Author: Lori Gruen,Laura Grabel,Peter Singer
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405160629
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 4665
In this timely collection, some of the world's leading ethicists grapple with the variety of issues posed by human embryonic stem cell research. Investigates the moral status of the embryo including the creation of chimeras and paying for gametes (eggs and sperm) and embryos for research purposes Provides a thorough evaluation of the ethics and politics of regulating hESC research, and the privacy, confidentiality, and informed consent in the conduct of research and clinical investigations Essential reading for scientists, philosophers, policy makers, and all who are interested in the ethical conduct of science Contributors include David DeGrazia, Lori Gruen, Elizabeth Harman, John Harris, Jeff McMahan, Don Marquis and Peter Singer

    • Science

Stem Cells, Human Embryos and Ethics

Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Author: Lars Østnor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402069895
Category: Science
Page: 255
View: 8116
Is it acceptable from an ethical point of view to use stem cells from human embryos for scientific research and clinical therapy? And what are the weaknesses and strengths of various opinions and positions when they are critically evaluated? These are the main problems dealt with in this book. The various chapters as a whole give a comprehensive, many-sided and balanced discussion of the subject. The book contains contributions from biological, medical, social, political, philosophical and theological perspectives. The authors have been chosen because of their professional competence, many of them being respected scholars on a top international level. They give an updated contribution from their own discipline in order to enlighten the different aspects of the common theme. The authors cover various positions and evaluations with regard to the question of the use of embryonic stem cells for research and therapy. The book is written for several audiences: a) scholars and professionals working with stem cell research or with the ethical questions arising from this field (people from biology, medicine, law, philosophy, theology etc.), b) advanced and graduate students within the same professional disciplines and c) politicians and the general public interested in the burning ethical problems which are intensively debated in many countries.

    • Science

Stem Cell Dialogues

A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers
Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231539401
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 3575
Stem cells and the emerging field of regenerative medicine are at the frontiers of modern medicine. These areas of scientific inquiry suggest that in the future, damaged tissue and organs might be repaired through personalized cell therapy as easily as the body repairs itself, revolutionizing the treatment of numerous diseases. Yet the use of stem cells is fraught with ethical and public policy dilemmas that challenge scientists, clinicians, the public health community, and people of good will everywhere. How shall we deal with these amazing biomedical advances, and how can we talk about potential breakthroughs with both moral and scientific intelligence? This book provides an innovative look at these vexing issues through a series of innovative Socratic dialogues that elucidate key scientific and ethical points in an approachable manner. Addressing the cultural and value issues underlying stem cell research while also educating readers about stem cells' biological function and medical applications, Stem Cell Dialogues features fictional characters engaging in compelling inquiry and debate. Participants investigate the scientific, political, and socioethical dimensions of stem cell science using actual language, analysis, and arguments taken from scientific, philosophical, and popular literature. Each dialogue centers on a specific, recognizable topic, such as the policies implemented by the George W. Bush administration restricting the use of embryonic stem cells; the potential role of stem cells in personalized medicine; the ethics of cloning; and the sale of eggs and embryos. Additionally, speakers debate the use of stem cells to treat paralysis, diabetes, stroke effects, macular degeneration, and cancer. Educational, entertaining, and rigorously researched (with 300 references to scientific literature), Stem Cell Dialogues should be included in any effort to help the public understand the science, ethics, and policy concerns of this promising field.

    • Medical

Human Embryonic Stem Cells

An Introduction to the Science and Therapeutic Potential
Author: Ann A. Kiessling,Scott Anderson,Scott C. Anderson
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763723415
Category: Medical
Page: 222
View: 3163
Provides core information, in technical language, on the science and potential clinical applications of stem cells.

    • Medical

The Stem Cell Divide

The Facts, the Fiction, and the Fear Driving the Greatest Scientific, Political, and Religious Debate of Our Time
Author: Michael Bellomo
Publisher: Amacom Books
ISBN: 9780814429426
Category: Medical
Page: 273
View: 3298
Looks at the stem cell controversy, covering the attempts of researchers to develop new treatments for a host of diseases and the arguments of stem cell opponents who contend that such research is against the laws of nature and religion.