• History

The Hasmoneans

Ideology, Archaeology, Identity
Author: Regev Eyal
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 352555043X
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 364
Eyal Regev presents an inter-disciplinary analysis of the Hasmoneans: How they perceived themselves and their role in Jewish history, and how they wanted to be perceived by their subjects. By exploring the ways—some common among ancient monarchies, others unique—in which the Hasmoneans shored up their authority, the author reveals the deliberate and innovative construction of a national politico-religious ideology. Regev discusses the Hasmoneans’ use of Temple and its cult, government and subsequent kingship, and their symbolic representations as reflected in their coins and palaces in comparison with contemporary Hellenistic kingdoms. The volume uncovers the cultural and social character of the Hasmoneans as rulers as well as of their state or kingdom. Merging historical sources with archaeological findings, Jewish perspectives and Hellenistic settings, a traditional text-oriented, historical-critical method with comparative and socio-anthropological approaches, The Hasmoneans aims to be the defining work on the cultural and social character of the priestly family that forms one of Jewish history’s most inspiring and instructive chapters.

    • Religion

Shifting Images of the Hasmoneans

Second Temple Legends and Their Reception in Josephus and Rabbinic Literature
Author: Vered Noam
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019253940X
Category: Religion
Page: 312
View: 7959
The shifting image of the Hasmoneans in the eyes of their contemporaries and later generations is a compelling issue in the history of the Maccabean revolt and the Hasmonean commonwealth. Based on a series of six Jewish folktales from the Second Temple period that describe the Hasmonean dynasty and its history from its legendary founders, through achievement of full sovereignty, to downfall, this volume examines the Hasmoneans through the lens of reception history. On the one hand, these brief, colorful legends are embedded in the narrative of the historian of the age, Flavius Josephus; on the other hand, they are scattered throughout the extensive halakhic-exegetical compositions known as rabbinic literature, redacted and compiled centuries later. Each set of parallel stories is examined for the motivation underlying its creation, its original message, language, and the historical context. This analysis is followed by exploration of the nature of the relationship between the Josephan and the rabbinic versions, in an attempt to reconstruct the adaptation of the putative original traditions in the two corpora, and to decipher the disparities, different emphases, reworking, and unique orientations typical of each. These adaptations reflect the reception of the pristine tales and thus disclose the shifting images of the Hasmoneans in later generations and within distinct contexts. The compilation and characterization of these sources which were preserved by means of two such different conduits of transmission brings us closer to reconstruction of a lost literary continent, a hidden Jewish "Atlantis" of early pseudo-historical legends and facilitates examination of the relationship between the substantially different libraries and worlds of Josephus and rabbinic literature.

    • Religion

The Invention of Judaism

Torah and Jewish Identity from Deuteronomy to Paul
Author: John J. Collins
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520967364
Category: Religion
Page: 336
View: 863
Most people understand Judaism to be the Torah and the Torah to be Judaism. However, in The Invention of Judaism, John J. Collins persuasively argues this was not always the case. The Torah became the touchstone for most of Judaism’s adherents only in the hands of the rabbis of late antiquity. For 600 years prior, from the Babylonian Exile to the Roman destruction of the Second Temple, there was enormous variation in the way the Torah was understood. Collins provides a comprehensive account of the role of the Torah in ancient Judaism, exploring key moments in its history, beginning with the formation of Deuteronomy and continuing through the Maccabean revolt and the rise of Jewish sectarianism and early Christianity.

    • Religion

A History of the Hasmonean State

Josephus and Beyond
Author: Kenneth Atkinson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567669033
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 1550
Kenneth Atkinson tells the exciting story of the nine decades of the Hasmonean rule of Judea (152 - 63 BCE) by going beyond the accounts of the Hasmoneans in Josephus in order to bring together new evidence to reconstruct how the Hasmonean family transformed their kingdom into a state that lasted until the arrival of the Romans. Atkinson reconstructs the relationships between the Hasmonean state and the rulers of the Seleucid and the Ptolemaic Empires, the Itureans, the Nabateans, the Parthians, the Armenians, the Cappadocians, and the Roman Republic. He draws on a variety of previously unused sources, including papyrological documentation, inscriptions, archaeological evidence, numismatics, Dead Sea Scrolls, pseudepigrapha, and textual sources from the Hellenistic to the Byzantine periods. Atkinson also explores how Josephus's political and social situation in Flavian Rome affected his accounts of the Hasmoneans and why any study of the Hasmonean state must go beyond Josephus to gain a full appreciation of this unique historical period that shaped Second Temple Judaism, and created the conditions for the rise of the Herodian dynasty and the emergence of Christianity.

    • Religion

Social Identity and Sectarianism in the Qumran Movement


Author: Jutta Jokiranta
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004238611
Category: Religion
Page: 261
View: 1303
'Identity' and 'sectarianism', two crucial and frequently used concepts on the study of the Qumran movement, are problematized, praised, and redefined in this book. Sociology of sectarianism and social identity approach inform the investigation of the serakhim (rule documents) and pesharim (biblical commentaries).

    • History

The Jewish Revolt Against Rome

Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Author: Mladen Popovi?
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004216685
Category: History
Page: 472
View: 6224
This volume brings together different disciplines, some for the first time, The contrubutions reflect on a wide range of literary, archaeological, documentary, epigraphic and numismatic sources and their bearing on the historical context of the Jewish revolt against Rome and on our own historical methods.

    • Art

Visual Style and Constructing Identity in the Hellenistic World

Nemrud DaÄŸ and Commagene under Antiochos I
Author: Miguel John Versluys
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107141974
Category: Art
Page: 272
View: 4711
Located in the small kingdom of Commagene at the upper Euphrates, the late Hellenistic monument of Nemrud Dağ (c.50 BC) has been undeservedly neglected by scholars. Qualified as a Greco-Persian hybrid instigated by a lunatic king, this fascinating project of bricolage has been written out of history. This volume redresses that imbalance, interpreting Nemrud Dağ as an attempt at canon building by Antiochos I in order to construct a dynastic ideology and social order, and proving the monument's importance for our understanding of a crucial transitional phase from Hellenistic to Roman. Hellenistic Commagene therefore holds a profound significance for a number of discussions, such as the functioning of the Hellenistic koine and the genesis of Roman 'art', Hellenism and Persianism in antiquity, dynastic propaganda and the power of images, Romanisation in the East, the contextualising of the Augustan cultural revolution, and the role of Greek culture in the Roman world.

    • History

The Invention of Ancient Israel

The Silencing of Palestinian History
Author: Keith W. Whitelam
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131779916X
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 4424
The Invention of Ancient Israel shows how the true history of ancient Palestine has been obscured by the search for Israel. Keith W. Whitelam shows how ancient Israel has been invented by scholars in the image of a European nation state, influenced by the realisation of the state of Israel in 1948. He explores the theological and political assumptions which have shaped research into ancient Israel by Biblical scholars, and contributed to the vast network of scholarship which Said identified as 'Orientalist discourse'. This study concentrates on two crucial periods from the end of the late Bronze Age to the Iron Age, a so-called period of the emergence of ancient Israel and the rise of an Israelite state under David. It explores the prospects for developing the study of Palestinian history as a subject in its own right, divorced from the history of the Bible, and argues that Biblical scholars, through their traditional view of this area, have contributed to dispossession both of a Palestinian land and a Palestinian past. This contoversial book is important reading for historians, Biblical specialists, social anthropologists and all those who are interested in the history of ancient Israel and Palestine.

    • Religion

Sectarianism in Qumran

A Cross-Cultural Perspective
Author: Eyal Regev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110896648
Category: Religion
Page: 456
View: 9999
The book examines the distinctively sectarian features of the sects represented in the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran. It also compares their religious and social features with the early Anabaptists, Mennonites, Hutterites and Amish, Puritans, Quakers and Shakers.

    • History

The Invention of the Jewish People


Author: Shlomo Sand,Yael Lotan
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 1844676234
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 1549
"Anyone interested in understanding the contemporary Middle East should read this book." Tony Judt --

    • Religion

The Jewish community of Rome [electronic resource]

from the second century B.C. to the third century C.E.
Author: Silvia Cappelletti
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004151575
Category: Religion
Page: 247
View: 6875
This publication on the Jewish community of Rome in ancient times provides interesting information about the development of the Jewish presence in the Capital of the Roman Empire and the cultural links this community created with the Diaspora and Eretz-Israel.

    • History

East of the Jordan

Territories and Sites of the Hebrew Scriptures
Author: Burton MacDonald
Publisher: Amer School of Oriental
ISBN: 9780897570312
Category: History
Page: 287
View: 8932
Annotation Archaeologist McDonald presents the history of the identification of an array of biblical sites and offers his own suggestions for site locations based of information from the biblical texts, extra-biblical literary information, toponymic considerations, and archaeology. Some of the specific sites examined in this book include the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah; the Exodus itineraries; the territories and sites of the Israelite tribes, such as Reuben and Gad; as well as Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Gilead. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

    • Religion

Jewish Funerary Customs, Practices And Rites In The Second Temple Period


Author: Rāḥēl Ḥak̲lîlî
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004123733
Category: Religion
Page: 588
View: 1308
This publication outlines the material preserved in the ancient Jewish cemeteries in the Land of Israel and provides a comprehensive and instructive study of Jewish funerary customs, practices, and rituals relating to death, burial and mourning, as well as addressing the meaning of Jewish funerary art and tradition.

    • Religion

The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood


Author: Vasile Babota
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004252045
Category: Religion
Page: 368
View: 9688
In The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood, Vasile Babota offers an interdisciplinary study of the historical process (167–140 B.C.E.), which led to the establishment of the Hasmonean rebellious priests as high priests of the Hellenistic Judea.

    • Religion

Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries: How to Write Their History


Author: Peter J. Tomson,Joshua J. Schwartz
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004278478
Category: Religion
Page: 562
View: 3749
The papers in this volume are organized around the ambition to reboot the writing of history about Jews and Christians in the first two centuries CE. There are three focal points: (1) the varieties of Jewish and Christian expression in late Second Temple times, (2) the socio-economic, military, and ideological processes during the period of the revolts, and (3) the post-revolt Jewish and Christian identities that emerged. As such, the volume is part of a larger project that is to result in a source book and a history of Jews and Christians in the first and second centuries.

    • Social Science

Simon Dubnow's "New Judaism"

Diaspora Nationalism and the World History of the Jews
Author: Robert Seltzer
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004260676
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 4418
In Simon Dubnow’s ‘New Judaism’, Seltzer traces a shtetl youth’s rejection of traditional Judaism and the impact of European intellectual currents on the most eminent East European Jewish historian of his time (1860-1941) and exponent of Jewish cultural nationalism.

    • History

Political Memory in and After the Persian Empire


Author: Jason M. Silverman,Caroline Waerzeggers
Publisher: SBL Press
ISBN: 9780884140900
Category: History
Page: 516
View: 2060
Various disciplines that deal with Achaemenid rule offer starkly different assessments of Persian kingship. While Assyriologists treat Cyrus's heirs as legitimate successors of the Babylonian kings, biblical scholars often speak of a "kingless era" in which the priesthood took over the function of the Davidic monarch. Egyptologists see their land as uniquely independently minded despite conquests, while Hellenistic scholarship tends to evaluate the interface between Hellenism and native traditions without reference to the previous two centuries of Persian rule. This volume brings together in dialogue a broad array of scholars with the goal of seeking a broader context for assessing Persian kingship through the anthropological concept of political memory.

    • Art

Gardens of the Roman Empire


Author: Wilhelmina F. Jashemski,Kathryn L. Gleason,Kim J. Hartswick,Amina-Aïcha Malek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108325831
Category: Art
Page: N.A
View: 8803
In Gardens of the Roman Empire, the pioneering archaeologist Wilhelmina F. Jashemski sets out to examine the role of ancient Roman gardens in daily life throughout the empire. This study, therefore, includes for the first time, archaeological, literary, and artistic evidence about ancient Roman gardens across the entire Roman Empire from Britain to Arabia. Through well-illustrated essays by leading scholars in the field, various types of gardens are examined, from how Romans actually created their gardens to the experience of gardens as revealed in literature and art. Demonstrating the central role and value of gardens in Roman civilization, Jashemski and a distinguished, international team of contributors have created a landmark reference work that will serve as the foundation for future scholarship on this topic.

    • History

The First Jewish Revolt

Archaeology, History and Ideology
Author: Andrea M. Berlin,J. Andrew Overman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134518315
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 1860
The First Jewish Revolt against Rome is arguably the most decisive event in the history of Judaism and Christianity. The destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE by the Roman General Titus forced a transformation in structure and form for both of these fraternal religions. Yet despite its importance, little has been written on the First Revolt, its causes, implications and the facts surrounding it. In this volume, Andrea M. Berlin and J. Andrew Overman have gathered the foremost scholars on the period to discuss and debate this pivotal historical event. The contributions explore both Roman and Jewish perspectives on the Revolt, looking at its history and archaeology, and finally examining the ideology and interpretation of the revolt in subsequent history and myth.

    • Dead Sea scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls in Context

Integrating the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Study of Ancient Texts, Languages, and Cultures
Author: Armin Lange,Emanuel Tov,Matthias Weigold
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004189033
Category: Dead Sea scrolls
Page: 980
View: 4803
The Dead Sea Scrolls enrich many areas of biblical research, as well as the study of ancient and rabbinic Judasim, early Christian and other ancient literatures, languages, and cultures. With nearly all Dead Sea Scrolls published, it is now time to integrate the Dead Sea Scrolls fully into the various disciplines that benefit from them. This two-volume collection of essays answers this need. It represents the proceedings of a conference jointly organized by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the University of Vienna in Vienna on February 11 14, 2008.