• Business & Economics

The Philosophy of Software

Code and Mediation in the Digital Age
Author: D. Berry
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230306470
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 200
View: 3507
This book is a critical introduction to code and software that develops an understanding of its social and philosophical implications in the digital age. Written specifically for people interested in the subject from a non-technical background, the book provides a lively and interesting analysis of these new media forms.

    • Computers

The Philosophy of Software

Code and Mediation in the Digital Age
Author: David M. Berry
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781137490278
Category: Computers
Page: 216
View: 1027
The Philosophy of Software is a critical introduction to the subject of algorithms, code and software that introduces and engages with their social and philosophical implications. This book has been written to appeal not only to people interested in the subject but also to those from a non-technical background who want to know more about our softwarised societies. Indeed, software is a tangle or a knot, which ties together the physical and the computational, the material and the digital, into a comprehensive system for control and manipulation. However, software also exceeds our ability to place limits on its entanglement, and has entered everyday life to an amazing degree in the 21st Century. From washing machines to central heating systems, to children's toys, television and video; the old mechanical world is being revolutionised by the silent logic of digital devices. It is time, therefore, to examine our algorithmic situation.

    • Political Science

Critical Theory and the Digital


Author: David M. Berry
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441173609
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 2881
This Critical Theory and Contemporary Society volume offers an original analysis of the role of the digital in today's society. It rearticulates critical theory by engaging it with the challenges of the digital revolution to show how the digital is changing the ways in which we lead our politics, societies, economies, media, and even private lives. In particular, the work examines how the enlightenment values embedded within the culture and materiality of digital technology can be used to explain the changes that are occurring across society. Critical Theory and the Digital draws from the critical concepts developed by critical theorists to demonstrate how the digital needs to be understood within a dialectic of potentially democratizing and totalizing technical power. By relating critical theory to aspects of a code-based digital world and the political economy that it leads to, the book introduces the importance of the digital code in the contemporary world to researchers in the field of politics, sociology, globalization and media studies.

    • Computers

Software Studies

A Lexicon
Author: Matthew Fuller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262062747
Category: Computers
Page: 334
View: 1751
A cultural field guide to software: artists, computer scientists, designers, cultural theorists, programmers, and others define a new field of study and practice.

    • Social Science

Software Takes Command


Author: Lev Manovich
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1623567459
Category: Social Science
Page: 357
View: 5398
Offers the first look at the aesthetics of contemporary design from the theoretical perspectives of media theory and 'software studies'.

    • Philosophy

Software Theory

A Cultural and Philosophical Study
Author: Federica Frabetti
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781783481972
Category: Philosophy
Page: 220
View: 7404
This book engages directly in close readings of technical texts and computer code in order to show how software works. It offers an analysis of the cultural, political, and philosophical implications of software technologies that demonstrates the significance of software for the relationship between technology, philosophy, culture, and society.

    • Computers

Understanding Digital Humanities


Author: D. Berry
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230371930
Category: Computers
Page: 318
View: 5659
Confronting the digital revolution in academia, this book examines the application of new computational techniques and visualisation technologies in the Arts & Humanities. Uniting differing perspectives, leading and emerging scholars discuss the theoretical and practical challenges that computation raises for these disciplines.

    • Social Science

The Interface Effect


Author: Alexander R. Galloway
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745662927
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 2195
Interfaces are back, or perhaps they never left. The familiar Socratic conceit from the Phaedrus, of communication as the process of writing directly on the soul of the other, has returned to center stage in today's discussions of culture and media. Indeed Western thought has long construed media as a grand choice between two kinds of interfaces. Following the optimistic path, media seamlessly interface self and other in a transparent and immediate connection. But, following the pessimistic path, media are the obstacles to direct communion, disintegrating self and other into misunderstanding and contradiction. In other words, media interfaces are either clear or complicated, either beautiful or deceptive, either already known or endlessly interpretable. Recognizing the limits of either path, Galloway charts an alternative course by considering the interface as an autonomous zone of aesthetic activity, guided by its own logic and its own ends: the interface effect. Rather than praising user-friendly interfaces that work well, or castigating those that work poorly, this book considers the unworkable nature of all interfaces, from windows and doors to screens and keyboards. Considered allegorically, such thresholds do not so much tell the story of their own operations but beckon outward into the realm of social and political life, and in so doing ask a question to which the political interpretation of interfaces is the only coherent answer. Grounded in philosophy and cultural theory and driven by close readings of video games, software, television, painting, and other images, Galloway seeks to explain the logic of digital culture through an analysis of its most emblematic and ubiquitous manifestation – the interface.

    • Computers

Code/space

Software and Everyday Life
Author: Rob Kitchin,Martin Dodge
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262042487
Category: Computers
Page: 290
View: 6429
An analysis of the ways that software creates new spatialities in everyday life, from supermarket checkout lines to airline flight paths.

    • Political Science

Copy, rip, burn

the politics of copyleft and open source
Author: David M. Berry
Publisher: Pluto Pr
ISBN: 9780745324142
Category: Political Science
Page: 257
View: 6790
A readable guide to the revolutionary potential of open source and copyleft

    • Computers

Becoming Virtual

Reality in the Digital Age
Author: Pierre Lévy
Publisher: Plenum Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 207
View: 9498
Examines the cultural and social impact of new digital technologies and how bodies, texts, and the economy are made virtual, and argues that the virtual has always been an enduring component of the human

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Digital Aesthetics


Author: Sean Cubitt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761959007
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 172
View: 7757
The aesthetic nature and purposes of computer culture in the contemporary world are investigated in this book. Sean Cubitt casts a cool eye on the claims of cybertopians, tracing the globalization of the new medium and enquiring into its effects on subjectivity and sociality. Drawing on historical scholarship, philosophical aesthetics and the literature of cyberculture, the author argues for a genuine democracy beyond the limitations of the free market and the global corporation. Digital arts are identified as having a vital part to play in this process. Written in a balanced and penetrating style, the book both conveniently summarizes a huge literature and sets a new agenda for research and theory.

    • Social Science

Listening Publics

The Politics and Experience of Listening in the Media Age
Author: Kate Lacey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665209
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 4242
In focusing on the practices, politics and ethics of listening, this wide-ranging book offers an important new perspective on questions of media audiences, publics and citizenship. Listening is central to modern communication, politics and experience, but is commonly overlooked and underestimated in a culture fascinated by the spectacle and the politics of voice. Listening Publics restores listening to media history and to theories of the public sphere. In so doing it opens up profound questions for our understanding of mediated experience, public participation and civic engagement. Taking a cross-national and interdisciplinary approach, the book explores how listening publics have been constituted in relation to successive media technologies from the invention of writing to the digital age. It asks how new practices of listening associated with sound and audiovisual media transform a public world forged in the age of print. Through detailed histories and sophisticated theoretical analysis, Listening Publics demonstrates the embodied and critical activity of listening to be a rich concept with which to rethink the practices, politics and ethics of media communication.

    • Business & Economics

Digital Depression

Information Technology and Economic Crisis
Author: Dan Schiller
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780252038761
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 361
View: 3554
"A contradiction coils through the political economy: that today's financial and economic crisis began in the historical heartland of advanced information and communications technology (ICTs): the United States. It was not supposed to turn out this way. ICTs were to be the source of economic rejuvenation and uplift. Instead, the U.S., the historical driver of digital systems and services, originated what has become the deepest and most prolonged slump since the 1930s. Today, a technological revolution is wrapped up inside an economic collapse: a digital depression. Whence did it come? Where are we headed? In Digital Depression, Dan Schiller continues his work on how networked systems and ICTs have transformed the global capitalist system. He focuses on the crisis tendencies of capitalism and confronts the contradictory matrix of technological revolution and economic stagnation that constitutes the contemporary political economy. After demonstrating digital technology's central role in the global political economy and connecting it to the rise of worldwide financial and military networks, Schiller surveys the digital communication industry before turning to the geopolitical significance of digital communication with an especially important insight on the U.S. policy apparatus and the rise of China as an oppositional force. Digital Depression demostrates that the forces at the heart of capitalism--exploitation, commodification, and inequality--along with militarization and surveillance are ongoing and accelerating within the networked political economy"--

    • Music

Musical Rhythm in the Age of Digital Reproduction


Author: Ms Anne Danielsen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409494128
Category: Music
Page: 268
View: 2188
Musical Rhythm in the Age of Digital Reproduction presents new insights into the study of musical rhythm through investigations of the micro-rhythmic design of groove-based music. The main purpose of the book is to investigate how technological mediation - in the age of digital music production tools - has influenced the design of rhythm at the micro level. Through close readings of technology-driven popular music genres, such as contemporary R&B, hip-hop, trip-hop, electro-pop, electronica, house and techno, as well as played folk music styles, the book sheds light on how investigations of the musical-temporal relationships of groove-based musics might be fruitfully pursued, in particular with regard to their micro-rhythmic features. This book is based on contributions to the project Rhythm in the Age of Digital Reproduction (RADR), a five-year research project running from 2004 to 2009 that was funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

    • History

Taiho-Jutsu

Law and Order in the Age of the Samurai
Author: Don Cunningham
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
ISBN: 1462903312
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 5099
In Taiho-Jutsu: Law and Order in the Age of the Samurai, author and judo second-dan Don Cunningham provides a fascinating introduction to the civil society of Edo-period (1603-1867) Japan—particularly the role played by the well-known warrior class, the samurai. Cunningham shows that the samurai were not, as commonly portrayed, always all-powerful mediators ruling the chonin through the power of their swords. During this period the samurai became a part of the complex system of Japanese law enforcement. Made up of samurai as well as machi-bugyo-sho (town magistrates), yoriki ("assistant" samurai), doshin (samurai patrol officers), komono (assistants), goyokiki (part-time police assistants) and okappiki (informants and spies)—this intricate structure mirrored the Japanese society of the day. Taiho-Jutsu offers a detailed look at the weapons these law enforcement officers used—including the jutte (iron truncheon), tesson (iron fan), yori-bo (wooden staff), sodegarami (sleeve entangler), sasumata (spear fork), and torinawa (arresting ropes)—as well as a fascinating illustrated look at the techniques used to apprehend criminals. From kamae (stances) to parrying and striking and throwing techniques, these explanations demonstrate the practical techniques in Edo-period Japan.

    • Religion

Philosophers without Gods

Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life
Author: Louise M. Antony
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198038597
Category: Religion
Page: 336
View: 6472
Atheists are frequently demonized as arrogant intellectuals, antagonistic to religion, devoid of moral sentiments, advocates of an "anything goes" lifestyle. Now, in this revealing volume, nineteen leading philosophers open a window on the inner life of atheism, shattering these common stereotypes as they reveal how they came to turn away from religious belief. These highly engaging personal essays capture the marvelous diversity to be found among atheists, providing a portrait that will surprise most readers. Many of the authors, for example, express great affection for particular religious traditions, even as they explain why they cannot, in good conscience, embrace them. None of the contributors dismiss religious belief as stupid or primitive, and several even express regret that they cannot, or can no longer, believe. Perhaps more important, in these reflective pieces, they offer fresh insight into some of the oldest and most difficult problems facing the human mind and spirit. For instance, if God is dead, is everything permitted? Philosophers without Gods demonstrates convincingly, with arguments that date back to Plato, that morality is independent of the existence of God. Indeed, every writer in this volume adamantly affirms the objectivity of right and wrong. Moreover, they contend that secular life can provide rewards as great and as rich as religious life. A naturalistic understanding of the human condition presents a set of challenges--to pursue our goals without illusions, to act morally without hope of reward--challenges that can impart a lasting value to finite and fragile human lives. 'This Atheists R Us compilation differs markedly in tone from Hitchens and Dawkins. Excellent fare for Christian small groups whose members are genuinely interested in the arguments raised by atheists.'-- Christianity Today 'Rather than the foolishness of Dawkins or Hitchens, these [essays] are compelling and sophisticated arguments that religious people ought to confront....'-- Tikkun 'Taken as a group, these readable, personal, and provocative essays make it clear that there are many kinds of non-believers, and even many different elements that make up a single skeptical outlook. Contrary to the popular image, atheism isn't all rebellious trumpets and defiant drums. That part of the orchestra is essential, but here we have all the varieties of unreligious experience, a full symphony of unbelief.' -- Free Inquiry 'This collection strikes me as an excellent example of how comprehensible philosophical writing can be at its best. By and large, the essays are written in a clear and direct style, free of philosophical jargon. Many who read it will find themselves also engaged at a level that is not merely academic.'--George I. Mavrodes, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

    • Computers

Mediated Memories in the Digital Age


Author: José van Dijck
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804756242
Category: Computers
Page: 232
View: 8876
This book studies how our personal memory is transformed as a result of technological and cultural transformations: digital photo cameras, camcorders, and multimedia computers inevitably change the way we remember and affect conventional forms of recollection.

    • Philosophy

Digital Media

Human–Technology Connection
Author: Stacey O'Neal Irwin
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 073918654X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 198
View: 9099
Digital Media: Human-Technology Connection examines what it is like to be alive in today’s technologically textured world and showcases specific digital media technologies that makes this kind of world possible. So much of human experience occurs through digital media that it is time to pause and consider the process and proliferation of digital consumption and humanity’s role in it through an interdisciplinary array of sources from philosophy, media studies, film studies, media ecology and philosophy of technology. When placed in the interpretive lens of artifact, instrument, and tool, digital media can be studied in a uniquely different way, as a kind of technology that pushes the boundaries on production, distribution and communication and alters the way humans and technology connect with each other and the world. The book is divided into two sections to provide overarching definitions and case study specifics. Section one, Raw Materials, examines pertinent concepts like digital media, philosophy of technology, phenomenology and postphenomenology by author Stacey O Irwin. In Section Two, Feeling the Weave, Irwin uses conversations with digital media users and other written materials along with the postphenomenological framework to explore nine empirical cases that focus on deep analysis of screens, sound, photo manipulation, data-mining, aggregate news and self-tracking. Postphenomenological concepts like multistability, variational theory, microperception, macroperception, embodiment, technological mediation, and culture figure prominently in the investigation. The aim of the book is to recognize that digital media technologies and the content it creates and proliferates are not neutral. They texture the world in multiple and varied ways that transform human abilities, augment experience and pattern the world in significant and comprehensive ways.

    • Religion

Meditation and Communion with God

Contemplating Scripture in an Age of Distraction
Author: John Jefferson Davis
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 0830863389
Category: Religion
Page: 169
View: 3036
As culture has become at once more secular and more religiously pluralistic, a renaissance of interest in the spiritual disciplines has been sparked in evangelical Protestant circles. Mounting levels of stress, burnout and spiritual dryness among those in ministry has only stoked this desire for spiritual nourishment and renewal. John Jefferson Davis helps us recover the practice of meditation on Scripture as he explores the biblical and theological foundations rooted in the arrival of "the age to come" in Jesus Christ. Indeed by virtue of our union with Christ, the Triune God of the Bible draws near to his people so that they may also draw near to him. Meditation on God's revelation has always been central to enjoying communion with the Father through the Son and in the Spirit. Davis gives us fresh and practical guidance on removing the obstacles that block our fellowship with God and listening to Scripture in ways that can enrich our worship, faith, hope and love.