• Social Science

The Therapeutic Cloning Debate

Global Science and Journalism in the Public Sphere
Author: Eric A. Jensen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317014170
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 4649
Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK as two leading scientific nations grappling with the global issue of therapeutic cloning, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field. Empirically grounded and theoretically innovative, The Therapeutic Cloning Debate will appeal to social scientists across a range of disciplines with interests in science communication, public engagement, cultural and media studies, science politics, science journalism, the sociology of expert knowledge and risk. It will also appeal to scientists, journalists, policymakers and others interested in how news media frame science for the public.

    • Social Science

The Therapeutic Cloning Debate

Global Science and Journalism in the Public Sphere
Author: Dr Eric A. Jensen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409429822
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 2649
Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field.

    • Social Science

The Therapeutic Cloning Debate

Global Science and Journalism in the Public Sphere
Author: Dr Eric A Jensen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472403800
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 8613
Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK as two leading scientific nations grappling with the global issue of therapeutic cloning, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field. Empirically grounded and theoretically innovative, The Therapeutic Cloning Debate will appeal to social scientists across a range of disciplines with interests in science communication, public engagement, cultural and media studies, science politics, science journalism, the sociology of expert knowledge and risk. It will also appeal to scientists, journalists, policymakers and others interested in how news media frame science for the public.

    • Science

Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning


Author: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Life Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309076374
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 1934
Human reproductive cloning is an assisted reproductive technology that would be carried out with the goal of creating a newborn genetically identical to another human being. It is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues. Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning considers the scientific and medical sides of this issue, plus ethical issues that pertain to human-subjects research. Based on experience with reproductive cloning in animals, the report concludes that human reproductive cloning would be dangerous for the woman, fetus, and newborn, and is likely to fail. The study panel did not address the issue of whether human reproductive cloning, even if it were found to be medically safe, would be-or would not be-acceptable to individuals or society.

    • Science

The Human Cloning Debate


Author: Glenn McGee,Arthur L. Caplan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781893163652
Category: Science
Page: 330
View: 5395
McGee and Caplan (both senior fellows, Center for Bioethics, U. of Pennsylvania) provide an overview of the human cloning debate and its stem cell research offshoot through the presentation of a range of voices that have weighed in on the discussion. Liberal and conservative voices are included, sometimes with surprising results, and representative

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

The Ethics of Human Cloning


Author: Leon Kass,James Q. Wilson
Publisher: American Enterprise Institute
ISBN: 9780844740508
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 101
View: 8233
Today biological science is rising on a wall of worry. No other science has advanced more dramatically during the past several decades or yielded so many palpable improvements in human welfare. Yet, none except nuclear physics has aroused greater apprehensions among the general public and leaders in such diverse fields as religion, the humanities, and government. In this engaging book, Leon R. Kass, the noted teacher, scientist, humanist, and chairman of the President's Council on Bioethics, and James Q. Wilson, the preeminent political scientist to whom four United States presidents have turned for advice on crime, drug abuse, education, and other crises in American life, explore the ethics of human cloning, reproductive technology, and the teleology of human sexuality. Although in their lively dialgoue both authors share a fundamental distrust of the notion of human cloning, they base their resistance on different views of the role of sexual reproduction and the role of the family. Professor Kass contends that in vitro fertilization and other assisted reproudction technologies that place the origin of human life in human hands have eroded the respect for the mystery of sexuality and human renewal. Professor Wilson, in contrast, asserts that whether a human life is created naturally or artificially is immaterial as long as the child is raised by loving parents in a two-parent family and is not harmed by the means of its conception. This accessible volume promises to inform the public policy debate over the permissible conduct of genetic research and the permissible uses of its discoveries.

    • Philosophy

The Cloning Sourcebook


Author: Arlene Judith Klotzko
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190284544
Category: Philosophy
Page: 376
View: 4192
Animal cloning has developed quickly since the birth of Dolly the sheep. Yet many of the first questions to be raised still need to be answered. What do Dolly and her fellow mouse, cow, pig, goat and monkey clones mean for science? And for society? Why do so many people respond so fearfully to cloning? What are the ethical issues raised by cloning animals, and in the future, humans? How are the makers of public policy coping with the stunning fact that an entire animal can be reconstructed from a single adult cell? And that humans might well be next? The Cloning Source Book addresses all of these questions in a way that is unique in the cloning literature, by grounding what is effectively an interdisciplinary conversation in solid science. In the first section of the book, the key scientists responsible for the early and crucial developments in cloning speak to us directly, and other scientists evaluate and comment on these developments. The second section explores the context of cloning and includes sociological, mythological, and historical perspectives on science, ethics, and policy. The authors also examine the media's treatment of the Dolly story and its aftermath, both in the United States and in Britain. The third section, on ethics, contains a broad range of papers written by some of the major commentators in the field. The fourth section addresses legal and policy issues. It features individual and collective contributions by those who have actually shaped public policy on reproductive cloning, therapeutic cloning, and similarly contentious bioethical issues in the United States, Britain, and the European Union. Animal cloning continues for agricultural and medicinal purposes, the latter in combination with transgenics. Human cloning for therapeutic purposes has recently been made legal in Britain. The goal is to produce an early embryo and then derive stem cells that are immunologically matched to the donor. Two human reproductive cloning projects have been announced, and there are almost certainly others about which we know nothing. Sooner or later a cloned human will be born. Many lessons can be learned from the cloning experience. Most importantly, there needs to be a public conversation about the permissible uses of new and morally murky technologies. Scientists, journalists, ethicists and policy makers all have roles to play, but cutting-edge science is everybody's business. The Cloning Sourcebook provides the tools required for us to participate in shaping our own futures.

    • Science

Cloning After Dolly

Who's Still Afraid?
Author: Gregory E. Pence
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742534087
Category: Science
Page: 211
View: 5681
In a new book building on his classic Who's afraid of Human Cloning? Pence continues to advocate a reasoned view of cloning.

    • Science

Essentials of Stem Cell Biology


Author: Robert Lanza,Anthony Atala
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124104274
Category: Science
Page: 712
View: 6732
First developed as an accessible abridgement of the successful Handbook of Stem Cells, Essentials of Stem Cell Biology serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners, and students embracing the latest advances in stem cells. Representing the combined effort of 7 editors and more than 200 scholars and scientists whose pioneering work has defined our understanding of stem cells, this book combines the prerequisites for a general understanding of adult and embryonic stem cells with a presentation by the world's experts of the latest research information about specific organ systems. From basic biology/mechanisms, early development, ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm, and methods to the application of stem cells to specific human diseases, regulation and ethics, and patient perspectives, no topic in the field of stem cells is left uncovered. Contributions by Nobel Laureates and leading international investigators Includes two entirely new chapters devoted exclusively to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells written by the scientists who made the breakthrough Edited by a world-renowned author and researcher to present a complete story of stem cells in research, in application, and as the subject of political debate Presented in full color with a glossary, highlighted terms, and bibliographic entries replacing references

    • Medical

Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate

The Scientific, Religious, Ethical, and Political Issues
Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe,Ronald Miller,Jerome Tobis
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520252128
Category: Medical
Page: 218
View: 2431
"What the editors have managed to accomplish with Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate is very significant. The book is well-informed, sophisticated, and attends to the moral and scientific complexities of stem cell research, rather than sweeping them under the rug. This book encompasses the complexities without sacrificing the other main virtue of the collection: to definitively illuminate the debate for all."—Jason Scott Robert, author of Embryology, Epigenesis, & Evolution: Taking Development Seriously

    • Science

A Clone of Your Own?


Author: Arlene Judith Klotzko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521852944
Category: Science
Page: 162
View: 6192
Discusses the differences between therapeutic and reproductive cloning, the science and issues of stem cell research, and the legal and ethical sides of the debate.

    • Political Science

Humanity Enhanced

Genetic Choice and the Challenge for Liberal Democracies
Author: Russell Blackford
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262026619
Category: Political Science
Page: 231
View: 2048
Emerging biotechnologies that manipulate human genetic material have drawn a chorus of objections from politicians, pundits, and scholars. In Humanity Enhanced, Russell Blackford eschews the heated rhetoric that surrounds genetic enhancement technologies to examine them in the context of liberal thought, discussing the public policy issues they raise from legal and political perspectives. Some see the possibility of genetic choice as challenging the values of liberal democracy. Blackford argues that the challenge is not, as commonly supposed, the urgent need for a strict regulatory action. Rather, the challenge is that fear of these technologies has created an atmosphere in which liberal tolerance itself is threatened. Focusing on reproductive cloning, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis of embryos, and genetic engineering, Blackford takes on objections to enhancement technologies (raised by Jürgen Habermas and others) based on such concerns as individual autonomy and distributive justice. He argues that some enhancements would be genuinely beneficial, and that it would be justified in some circumstances even to exert pressure on parents to undertake genetic modification of embryos. Blackford argues against draconian suppression of human enhancement, although he acknowledges that some specific and limited regulation may be required in the future. More generally, he argues, liberal democracies would demonstrate liberal values by tolerating and accepting the emerging technologies of genetic choice.

    • Science

Principles of Cloning


Author: Jose Cibelli,Ian Sir Wilmut,Rudolf Jaenisch,John Gurdon,Robert Lanza,Michael West,Keith H.S. Campbell
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123865425
Category: Science
Page: 572
View: 4160
Principles of Cloning, Second Edition is the fully revised edition of the authoritative book on the science of cloning. The book presents the basic biological mechanisms of how cloning works and progresses to discuss current and potential applications in basic biology, agriculture, biotechnology, and medicine. Beginning with the history and theory behind cloning, the book goes on to examine methods of micromanipulation, nuclear transfer, genetic modification, and pregnancy and neonatal care of cloned animals. The cloning of various species—including mice, sheep, cattle, and non-mammals—is considered as well. The Editors have been involved in a number of breakthroughs using cloning technique, including the first demonstration that cloning works in differentiated cells done by the Recipient of the 2012 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine – Dr John Gurdon; the cloning of the first mammal from a somatic cell – Drs Keith Campbell and Ian Wilmut; the demonstration that cloning can reset the biological clock - Drs Michael West and Robert Lanza; the demonstration that a terminally differentiated cell can give rise to a whole new individual – Dr Rudolf Jaenisch and the cloning of the first transgenic bovine from a differentiated cell – Dr Jose Cibelli. The majority of the contributing authors are the principal investigators on each of the animal species cloned to date and are expertly qualified to present the state-of-the-art information in their respective areas. First and most comprehensive book on animal cloning, 100% revised Describes an in-depth analysis of current limitations of the technology and research areas to explore Offers cloning applications on basic biology, agriculture, biotechnology, and medicine

    • Law

Stem Cell Century

Law and Policy for a Breakthrough Technology
Author: Russell Korobkin,Stephen R. Munzer
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300122923
Category: Law
Page: 322
View: 4841
"Stem Cell Century provides a very clear analysis of the policy issues around cloning and stem cells in biomedicine, on the basis of a sound scientific understanding of the underlying biology." Ian Wilmut, director, Edinburgh University Centre for Regenerative Medicine, and creator of "Dolly" the lamb, the world's first cloned mammal. From the bookjacket.

    • Science

The Clone Age

Adventures in the New World of Reproductive Technology
Author: Lori Andrews
Publisher: Holt Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780805064469
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 3241
With a new afterword. Sperm donors on the Internet, an epidemic of multiple births, posthumous parenting-the foremost legal expert in the field takes us inside the secret world of reproductive technology. Lori B. Andrews passed her bar exam the day the first test-tube baby was born. Today she is the world's most visible expert on the legal and ethical implications of reproductive technology, sought after to assess the impact of genetic testing, the ethics of creating babies from dead men's sperm, and the propriety of human cloning. In this provocative work, Andrews relates her experiences, exploring the vast array of scientific developments in this virtually unregulated field and the social, moral, and legal questions they raise. A new afterword written for the paperback edition addresses the latest headline- making developments.

    • Health & Fitness

On Cloning


Author: John Harris
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415316996
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 184
View: 2635
Cloning - few words have as much potential to grip our imagination or grab the headlines. No longer the stuff of science fiction or Star Wars - it is happening now. Yet human cloning is currently banned throughout the world, and therapeutic cloning banned in many countries. In this highly controversial book, John Harris does a lot more than ask why we are so afraid of cloning. He presents a deft and informed defence of human cloning, carefully exposing the rhetorical and highly dubious arguments against it. He begins with an introduction to what a human clone is, before tackling some of the most common and frequently bizarre criticisms of cloning: Is it really wicked? Can we regulate it? What about the welfare of cloned children? Does it turn human beings into commodities? Dismissing one by one some of the myths about human cloning, in particular that it is degrading and unsafe, he astutely argues that some of our most cherished values, such as the freedom to start a family and the freedom from state control, actually support the case for human cloning. Offering a brave and lucid insight into this ethical minefield, John Harris at last shows that far from ending the diversity of human life or creating a race of super-clones, cloning has the power to improve and heal human life.

    • Health & Fitness

Cloning

For and Against
Author: M. L. Rantala,Arthur J. Milgram
Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780812693751
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 277
View: 6240
This collection of 30 articles by scientists, ethicists, religious leaders, and legal experts explores the benefits and costs of cloning. Topics include: Playing God; Is Cloning the Salvation for Endangered Species? No Need for Marriage; Can You Xerox a Soul?; and A Million Michael Jacksons. A lucid introduction offers readers an essential overview and understanding of the development and process of cloning, and the editors evenhandedly represent all sides of this controversial subject.

    • Medical

God and the Embryo

Religious Voices on Stem Cells and Cloning
Author: Brent Waters
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780878409983
Category: Medical
Page: 228
View: 7785
Discussions and debates over the medical use of stem cells and cloning have always had a religious component. But there are many different religious voices. Contributors reflect the spectrum of Christian responses, from liberal Protestant to evangelical to Roman Catholic as well as Jewish perspectives. In addition to the deliberations found here, God and the Embryo includes a series of official statements on the issues from religious bodies. "Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry," from the statement of the President's Council on Bioethics, concludes the book. The disputations will continue, but for anyone interested in the nuances of and religious perspectives that make their important contributions to these ethically challenging and important dialectics, God and the Embryo is an invaluable resource.

    • Science

Stem Cells

Scientific Facts and Fiction
Author: Christine Mummery,Anja van de Stolpe,Bernard Roelen,Hans Clevers
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124115675
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 4269
The second edition of Stem Cells: Scientific Facts and Fiction provides the non-stem cell expert with an understandable review of the history, current state of affairs, and facts and fiction of the promises of stem cells. Building on success of its award-winning preceding edition, the second edition features new chapters on embryonic and iPS cells and stem cells in veterinary science and medicine. It contains major revisions on cancer stem cells to include new culture models, additional interviews with leaders in progenitor cells, engineered eye tissue, and xeno organs from stem cells, as well as new information on "organs on chips" and adult progenitor cells. In the past decades our understanding of stem cell biology has increased tremendously. Many types of stem cells have been discovered in tissues that everyone presumed were unable to regenerate in adults, the heart and the brain in particular. There is vast interest in stem cells from biologists and clinicians who see the potential for regenerative medicine and future treatments for chronic diseases like Parkinson's, diabetes, and spinal cord lesions, based on the use of stem cells; and from entrepreneurs in biotechnology who expect new commercial applications ranging from drug discovery to transplantation therapies. Explains in straightforward, non-specialist language the basic biology of stem cells and their applications in modern medicine and future therapy Includes extensive coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells both historically and in contemporary practice Richly illustrated to assist in understanding how research is done and the current hurdles to clinical practice