• Social Science

Understanding Contemporary Africa

Author: April A. Gordon,Donald L. Gordon
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588268471
Category: Social Science
Page: 511
View: 392
This new edition of Understanding Contemporary Africa has been thoroughly revised to reflect the many significant events and trends of the past six years-seismic political changes, the impact of the new information technology, the strong presence of China and other foreign powers, and much more.The authors provide current analyses not only of history, politics, and economics, but also geography, environmental concerns, population shifts, and social and cultural issues. Each topic is covered in an accessible style, but with reference to the latest scholarship. Maps, photographs, and a table of basic political data enhance the text, which has made its place as the best available introduction to this diverse and complex continent.

    • Political Science

Immigrants and the Right to Stay

Author: Joseph H. Carens
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262289105
Category: Political Science
Page: 128
View: 492
The Obama administration promises to take on comprehensive immigration reform in 2010, setting policymakers to work on legislation that might give the approximately eleven million undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States a path to legalization of status. Commentators have been quick to observe that any such proposal will face intense opposition. Few issues have so divided the country in recent years as immigration. Immigrants and the Right to Stay brings the debate into the realm of public reason. Political theorist Joseph Carens argues that although states have a right to control their borders, the right to deport those who violate immigration laws is not absolute. With time, immigrants develop a moral claim to stay. Emphasizing the moral importance of social membership, and drawing on principles widely recognized in liberal democracies, Carens calls for a rolling amnesty that gives unauthorized migrants a path to regularize their status once they have been settled for a significant period of time.After Carens makes his case, six experts from across the political spectrum respond. Some protest that he goes too far; others say he does not go far enough in protecting the rights of migrants. Several raise competing moral claims and others help us understand how the immigration problem became so large. Carens agrees that no moral claim is absolute, and that, on any complex public issue, principled debate involves weighing competing concerns. But for him the balance falls clearly on the side of amnesty.

    • Social Science

Citizen and Subject

Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism
Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400889715
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 795
In analyzing the obstacles to democratization in post- independence Africa, Mahmood Mamdani offers a bold, insightful account of colonialism's legacy--a bifurcated power that mediated racial domination through tribally organized local authorities, reproducing racial identity in citizens and ethnic identity in subjects. Many writers have understood colonial rule as either "direct" (French) or "indirect" (British), with a third variant--apartheid--as exceptional. This benign terminology, Mamdani shows, masks the fact that these were actually variants of a despotism. While direct rule denied rights to subjects on racial grounds, indirect rule incorporated them into a "customary" mode of rule, with state-appointed Native Authorities defining custom. By tapping authoritarian possibilities in culture, and by giving culture an authoritarian bent, indirect rule (decentralized despotism) set the pace for Africa; the French followed suit by changing from direct to indirect administration, while apartheid emerged relatively later. Apartheid, Mamdani shows, was actually the generic form of the colonial state in Africa. Through case studies of rural (Uganda) and urban (South Africa) resistance movements, we learn how these institutional features fragment resistance and how states tend to play off reform in one sector against repression in the other. The result is a groundbreaking reassessment of colonial rule in Africa and its enduring aftereffects. Reforming a power that institutionally enforces tension between town and country, and between ethnicities, is the key challenge for anyone interested in democratic reform in Africa.

    • Political Science

Reframing Contemporary Africa: Politics, Economics, and Culture in the Global Era

Author: Peyi Soyinka Airewele,Rita Kiki Endozie
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 9780872894075
Category: Political Science
Page: 412
View: 3531
It is impossible to study Africa without understanding the debate about how to study Africa. At last, a book showcases the complexities and paradoxes of Africa's recent and more distant history, while avoiding simplistic, Eurocentric conceptualizations of "black Africa." With this book, Peyi Soyinka-Aiwerele and Rita Kiki Edozie offer students the background and perspectives they need to comprehend the dynamics of the continent as well as a clear path through the current literature and scholarly debate. With a cross-disciplinary approach that features political, historical, and economic analysis as well as popular culture and sociological views on contemporary issues, Reframing Contemporary Africa provides an unparalleled breadth of coverage. Essays written by a distinguished and international group of scholars--including William Ackah, Pius Adesanmi, Susan Craddock, Caroline Elkins, Siba Grovogui, Mahmood Mamdani, Mutua Makau, Celestin Monga, Wole Soyinka, and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza--are designed to distill original scholarship for undergraduate readers. Each contribution helps students engage with the work and arguments of luminaries while exposing them to renowned African thinkers. Contributors deliver analysis that allows students to see beyond the clichés commonly presented in the media (and even in scholarship), and helpful section openers by Soyinka-Airewele and Edozie frame forthcoming chapters, giving important thematic and historical context. Reframing Contemporary Africa will certainly provoke new debate and reflection, not merely about African issues and politics, but also about the West and its framing of Africa.

    • Political Science

The Horn of Africa since the 1960s

Local and International Politics Intertwined
Author: Aleksi Ylönen,Jan Záho?ík
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317028562
Category: Political Science
Page: 278
View: 8939
The Horn of Africa has long been one of the most dynamic and politically turbulent sub-regions on the African continent. Host to great ancient civilizations, diverse peoples, and expansive states, it has experienced massive social, economic, and political transformation over time. Political dynamics in this region have generated military coups, revolutions and intractable ethnic, socio-economic, and religious conflicts. This comprehensive volume consists of a collection of chapters by expert African and international scholars who analyze international, regional, national, and local affairs in the sub-region, which demonstrate the intertwined nature of the actors and forces shaping political realities. The contributions include carefully selected case studies of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, and South Sudan that eloquently illustrate the complex dynamics connecting a spectrum of political issues. The Horn of Africa since the 1960s will be of interest to students and scholars of African studies in general, diaspora studies, sociology and comparative politics.

    • Africa

Politics and Society in Contemporary Africa

Author: Naomi Chazan,Peter Lewis,Robert Mortimer,Donald Rothchild,Stephen John Stedman
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349144908
Category: Africa
Page: 548
View: 3568
The new edition of this popular and widely-used text includes entirely new chapters on political economy and South Africa and has been thoroughly revised throughout to reflect the major changes in Africa and in the wider world since the end of the Cold War. Broadly encompassing, challenging and timely, the book is a major contribution to our understanding of the multiple forces at work on the continent.

    • History

Understanding the Contemporary Middle East

Author: Deborah J. Gerner,Jillian Schwedler
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588260628
Category: History
Page: 477
View: 2989
This multidisciplinary text aims to introduce students to the Middle East as a whole, rather than focusing on specific topics. The issues it addresses include history, politics, women, international relations, religion, literature and culture.

    • Political Science

Security, Education and Development in Contemporary Africa

Author: M. Raymond Izarali,Oliver Masakure,Edward Shizha
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317057902
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 1032
This volume delineates the critical link among security, education and development in Africa and provides a multidisciplinary framework of analyses and possible solutions. Africa has had a long history that embodies layers of mass-scale criminality and exploitation not merely from neocolonial and apartheid policies but also from political greed. This has impacted adversely on security, education and development in a way that deprivation of education and underdevelopment, in turn, re-creates security issues. The volume aims firstly to help augment scholarly inquiry into the nexus among in/security, education and development through the multidisciplinary framework of analyses; secondly to provide policymakers and educators with tools and a framework to comprehend the complexity and magnitude of the issues to which they ought to be sensitive and respond; and finally to provide caregivers and childcare agencies of the state a comprehensible framework of underlying, multifaceted sources of trauma experienced by children in extraordinary circumstances. It is organized in four sections: theoretical conceptualization on security and development; country cases on security and development; security and educational development; and country cases on security and education. Serving as a significant compass to understand and respond to the complex interplay and impact of security, education and development in Africa, it is of great use to graduates and scholars interested in Africa Politics, IPE, security studies and development studies.

    • History

Towards an Understanding of the African Experience from Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Festus Ugboaja Ohaegbulam
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780819179418
Category: History
Page: 285
View: 1996
This introductory survey provides a rich understanding of the African experience which, until recently, either had been omitted from the curriculum of institutions of higher learning or was distorted in written and oral literature. The book identifies the post-World War II civil rights movement in America and the independence revolution in Africa as the most decisive forces that generated interest in the study of the African/black experience. Includes four theoretical models for interpreting the black experience. The author discusses the place and role of Africa in the development of human civilization, focusing on Africa's Nile Valley civilizations and Western Sudanic empires. It probes aspects of traditional African culture, including the family, traditional political institutions and religion, and analyzes the impact on Africa and its peoples of such historical traumas as slavery, colonialism, and decolonization.

    • History

African History: A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Parker,Richard Rathbone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192802488
Category: History
Page: 165
View: 5649
This Very Short Introduction is essential reading for anyone interested in the African continent and the diversity of human history, as it looks at Africa's past and reflects on the changing ways it has been imagined and represented. Key themes such as the unity and diversity of African cultures, slavery, religion, colonial conquest and the importance of history in understanding contemporary Africa are illustrated with a range of fascinating historical examples, drawn from over 5 millennia across this vast continent.

    • State, The

The State

Critical Concepts
Author: John A. Hall
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415086813
Category: State, The
Page: 3
View: 8045

    • Political Science

Neopatrimonialism in Africa and Beyond

Author: Daniel C. Bach,Mamoudou Gazibo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136506209
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 7433
Neopatrimonialism, a system whereby rulers use state resources for personal benefit and to secure the loyalty of clients in the general population, is central to any teaching or conceptualisation of contemporary African politics. This book is a theoretical and comparative study of neopatrimonialism in Africa and across world regions. Although such practices are widespread in other parts of the world, the African neopatrimonial state has also become a global prototype of the anti-developmental state. This volume calls for a reappraisal of the genesis and interpretations of the concepts of patrimonialism and neopatrimonialism. Expert contributors consider recent debates in Africa through the study of democracy, clientelism, the ‘big man’ syndrome (Kenya), the rise of ‘godfatherism’ (Nigeria), ‘warlordism’ (Liberia) and the neopatrimonial state on a day to day basis (Niger). They discuss patrimonialism and neopatrimonialism from Latin America to Europe, Central Asia and Asia-Pacific, to weave a comparative analysis of the interplay between public policies and private interest. Neopatrimonialism in Africa and Beyond is an important and timely volume that will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, African studies, sociology and international development.

    • History

Repertoire, Authenticity and Introduction

The Presentation of American Indian Music in Oklahoma's Elementary Schools
Author: Robert J. Damm
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317775694
Category: History
Page: 146
View: 4530
This study provides new information regarding the instruction of American Indian music in Oklahoma, and shows the effect of demographic variables of teachers and students on pedagogical context and practice.

    • History

The Roots of African Conflicts

The Causes & Costs
Author: Alfred G. Nhema
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821418092
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 5525
Violent conflicts have exacted a heavy toll on Africa's societies, polities and economies. This book presents African scholars' views of why conflicts start in their continent. It offers empirically grounded analyses of the roots of African conflicts.

    • Social Science

Institutions and Ideologies

A SOAS South Asia Reader
Author: David Arnold,Peter Robb
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136102345
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 7063
Informative, timely and accessible introduction to the study of South Asia by leading scholars in the field.

    • Political Science

Understanding Third World Politics

Theories of Political Change and Development
Author: B. C. Smith
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137013915
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 3430
Understanding Third World Politics gives a comprehensive and critical introduction to the main theories of political science used to understand political change in developing countries. It provides an overview of the variety of political institutions and processes in the third world, and critically evaluates the major explanatory frameworks used by political scientist to understand them. The discussion is supported throughout by carefully-chosen, contemporary examples from around the world. The book concludes by considering the political instability that so frequently plagues poor countries and by identifying the conditions required to establish democratic stability. This third edition has been extensively revised and updated throughout and offers a clear and theoretically rigorous introduction to the politics of the third world.

    • History

Understanding Contemporary Latin America

Author: Thomas J. D'Agostino
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588267917
Category: History
Page: 463
View: 3948
This new edition of Understanding Contemporary Latin America has been thoroughly revised to reflect many significant events and trends of the past six years. The book includes entirely new chapters on economics and religion, as well as extensively updated material on politics, the military, international relations, environmental issues, nationalism, the role of women, and more. It is an indispensable introduction, both descriptive and analytical, to complexities of contemporary Latin America.

    • Political Science

Conflict and Peacebuilding in the African Great Lakes Region

Author: Kenneth Omeje,Tricia Redeker Hepner
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253008484
Category: Political Science
Page: 262
View: 1536
Driven by genocide, civil war, political instabilities, ethnic and pastoral hostilities, the African Great Lakes Region, primarily Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Burundi, has been overwhelmingly defined by conflict. Kenneth Omeje, Tricia Redeker Hepner, and an international group of scholars, many from the Great Lakes region, focus on the interlocking conflicts and efforts toward peace in this multidisciplinary volume. These essays present a range of debates and perspectives on the history and politics of conflict, highlighting the complex internal and external sources of both persistent tension and creative peacebuilding. Taken together, the essays illustrate that no single perspective or approach can adequately capture the dynamics of conflict or offer successful strategies for sustainable peace in the region.

    • Social Science

Africa's Media Image in the 21st Century

From the "Heart of Darkness" to "Africa Rising"
Author: Mel Bunce,Suzanne Franks,Chris Paterson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317334280
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 2321
Africa’s Media Image in the 21st Century is the first book in over twenty years to examine the international media’s coverage of sub-Saharan Africa. It brings together leading researchers and prominent journalists to explore representation of the continent, and the production of that image, especially by international news media. The book highlights factors that have transformed the global media system, changing whose perspectives are told and the forms of media that empower new voices. Case studies consider questions such as: how has new media changed whose views are represented? Does Chinese or diaspora media offer alternative perspectives for viewing the continent? How do foreign correspondents interact with their audiences in a social media age? What is the contemporary role of charity groups and PR firms in shaping news content? They also examine how recent high profile events and issues been covered by the international media, from the Ebola crisis, and Boko Haram to debates surrounding the "Africa Rising" narrative and neo-imperialism. The book makes a substantial contribution by moving the academic discussion beyond the traditional critiques of journalistic stereotyping, Afro-pessimism, and ‘darkest Africa’ news coverage. It explores the news outlets, international power dynamics, and technologies that shape and reshape the contemporary image of Africa and Africans in journalism and global culture.

    • Reference

Cities of the Middle East and North Africa

A Historical Encyclopedia
Author: Michael Dumper,Bruce E. Stanley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576079198
Category: Reference
Page: 439
View: 1683
The first work to offer 5,000 years of authoritative historical coverage of ancient and modern cities in the Middle East and North Africa—from their founding to the present—highlighting each city's cultural, social, political, and economic significance. * Coverage of 100 ancient and modern cities in the Middle East and North Africa * 19 academic contributors from this region as well as from Europe and the United States * Annotated timeline locating cities within their historical and imperial contexts * 44 illustrations including the Venetian fortifications of Nicosia, the ziggurat in Ur, and the Silk Market in Cairo * 8 maps including an overview map of all the cities listed in the book and sub-regional maps to clarify their location