• Foreign Language Study

Viking Language 2

The Old Norse Reader
Author: Jesse L. Byock
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781481175265
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 384
View: 8236
Viking Language 2: The Old Norse Reader immerses the learner in the legends, folklore, and myths of the Vikings. The readings are drawn from sagas, runes and eddas. They take the student into the world of Old Norse heroes, gods, and goddesses. There is a separate chapter on the 'Creation of the World' and another on 'The Battle at the World's End,' where the gods meet their doom. Other readings and maps focus on Viking Age Iceland, Greenland, and Vínland. A series of chapters tackles eddic and skaldic verse with their ancient stories from the old Scandinavian past. Runic inscriptions and explanations of how to read runes form a major component of the book. Where there are exercises, the answers are given at the end of the chapter. Both Viking Language 1 and 2 are structured as workbooks. Students learns quickly and interactively. More information on our website: vikinglanguage.com

    • Foreign Language Study

A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


Author: Geir T. Zoëga
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486434311
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 551
View: 1574
Icelandic is closer to the speech patterns of the Middle Ages than any living European language, making this volume invaluable to students and scholars of Old Icelandic and English culture and history.

    • Old Norse language

A New Introduction to Old Norse: Reader


Author: Anthony Faulkes
Publisher: Viking Society for Northern Research University College
ISBN: 9780903521697
Category: Old Norse language
Page: 388
View: 7247

    • Literary Criticism

The Cambridge Introduction to the Old Norse-Icelandic Saga


Author: Margaret Clunies Ross
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139492640
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: N.A
View: 9551
The medieval Norse-Icelandic saga is one of the most important European vernacular literary genres of the Middle Ages. This Introduction to the saga genre outlines its origins and development, its literary character, its material existence in manuscripts and printed editions, and its changing reception from the Middle Ages to the present time. Its multiple sub-genres - including family sagas, mythical-heroic sagas and sagas of knights - are described and discussed in detail, and the world of medieval Icelanders is powerfully evoked. The first general study of the Old Norse-Icelandic saga to be written in English for some decades, the Introduction is based on up-to-date scholarship and engages with current debates in the field. With suggestions for further reading, detailed information about the Icelandic literary canon, and a map of medieval Iceland, this book is aimed at students of medieval literature and assumes no prior knowledge of Scandinavian languages.

    • Religion

An Introduction to Old Norse


Author: Eric Valentine Gordon,A. R. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198111849
Category: Religion
Page: 412
View: 6006
The first edition of this standard work was published in 1927 and has been reprinted several times. This second edition has been revised and reset and the saga Hrafnkels saga freysgooa is now included in its entirety. The work is now available for the first time in paperback.

    • History

Women in Old Norse Society


Author: Jenny Jochens
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801455952
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 1211
Jenny Jochens captures in fascinating detail the lives of women in pagan and early Christian Iceland and Norway—their work, sexual behavior, marriage customs, reproductive practices, familial relations, leisure activities, religious practices, and legal constraints and protections. Women in Old Norse Society places particular emphasis on changing sexual mores and the impact of Christianity as imposed by the clergy and Norwegian kings. It also demonstrates the vital role women played in economic production.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Viking Language

Old Norse Essentials: Grammar, Texts and Dictionary
Author: Volundr Lars Agnarsson
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781496196927
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 828
View: 6636
Learn Old Norse, the official spoken language during the Viking Age! Old Norse is the language that was spoken by the vikings and their overseas settlements during the Viking Age. The Old Norse alphabet was originally written in the Runic alphabet until it was converted to the Latin system we know today. This edition contains grammar, pronunciation, practice texts and an extensive dictionary based on the works of Zoega, Cleasby and Vigfusson all in one easy to read book.

    • History

Viking Age Iceland


Author: Jesse L Byock
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141937653
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 7066
Medieval Iceland was unique amongst Western Europe, with no foreign policy, no defence forces, no king, no lords, no peasants and few battles. It should have been a utopia yet its literature is dominated by brutality and killing. The reasons for this, argues Jesse Byock, lie in the underlying structures and cultural codes of the islands' social order. 'Viking Age Iceland' is an engaging, multi-disciplinary work bringing together findings in anthropology and ethnography interwoven with historical fact and masterful insights into the popular Icelandic sagas, this is a brilliant reconstruction of the inner workings of a unique and intriguing society.

A Comparative Germanic Grammar


Author: Eduard Prokosch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781258819606
Category:
Page: 356
View: 3789
Additional Editors Are Franklin Edgerton, Edgar H. Sturtevant, Hans Sperber, W. F. Twaddell And Edward Sapir.

    • History

Viking Language 1

Learn Old Norse, Runes, and Icelandic Sagas
Author: Jesse L. Byock
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780988176416
Category: History
Page: 366
View: 2142
2nd upgraded edition of Viking Language 1 in new smaller book size. Everything necessary to learn Old Norse, the language of the Iceland and Old Scandinavia. For beginner to advanced, graded lessons, saga readings, runes, myths, old Icelandic, grammar exercises, pronunciation, vocabulary and study guides. www.oldnorse.org and vikinglanguage.com

    • Old Norse language

A New Introduction to Old Norse

Reader
Author: Anthony Faulkes
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780903521628
Category: Old Norse language
Page: 253
View: 333

    • History

Beyond the Northlands

Viking Voyages and the Old Norse Sagas
Author: Eleanor Rosamund Barraclough
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191004480
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 4368
In the dying days of the eighth century, the Vikings erupted onto the international stage with brutal raids and slaughter. The medieval Norsemen may be best remembered as monk murderers and village pillagers, but this is far from the whole story. Throughout the Middle Ages, long-ships transported hairy northern voyagers far and wide, where they not only raided but also traded, explored and settled new lands, encountered unfamiliar races, and embarked on pilgrimages and crusades. The Norsemen travelled to all corners of the medieval world and beyond; north to the wastelands of arctic Scandinavia, south to the politically turbulent heartlands of medieval Christendom, west across the wild seas to Greenland and the fringes of the North American continent, and east down the Russian waterways trading silver, skins, and slaves. Beyond the Northlands explores this world through the stories that the Vikings told about themselves in their sagas. But the depiction of the Viking world in the Old Norse-Icelandic sagas goes far beyond historical facts. What emerges from these tales is a mixture of realism and fantasy, quasi-historical adventures and exotic wonder-tales that rocket far beyond the horizon of reality. On the crackling brown pages of saga manuscripts, trolls, dragons and outlandish tribes jostle for position with explorers, traders, and kings. To explore the sagas and the world that produced them, Eleanor Rosamund Barraclough now takes her own trip through the dramatic landscapes that they describe. Along the way, she illuminates the rich but often confusing saga accounts with a range of other evidence: archaeological finds, rune-stones, medieval world maps, encyclopaedic manuscripts, and texts from as far away as Byzantium and Baghdad. As her journey across the Old Norse world shows, by situating the sagas against the revealing background of this other evidence, we can begin at least to understand just how the world was experienced, remembered, and imagined by this unique culture from the outermost edge of Europe so many centuries ago.

    • History

The Viking World


Author: Stefan Brink,Neil Price
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113431826X
Category: History
Page: 717
View: 5715
Filling a gap in the literature for an academically oriented volume on the Viking period, this unique book is a one-stop authoritative introduction to all the latest research in the field. Bringing together today’s leading scholars, both established seniors and younger, cutting-edge academics, Stefan Brink and Neil Price have constructed the first single work to gather innovative research from a spectrum of disciplines (including archaeology, history, philology, comparative religion, numismatics and cultural geography) to create the most comprehensive Viking Age book of its kind ever attempted. Consisting of longer articles providing overviews of important themes, supported by shorter papers focusing on material of particular interest, this comprehensive volume covers such wide-ranging topics as social institutions, spatial issues, the Viking Age economy, warfare, beliefs, language, voyages, and links with medieval and Christian Europe. This original work, specifically oriented towards a university audience and the educated public, will have a self-evident place as an undergraduate course book and will be a standard work of reference for all those in the field.

    • Foreign Language Study

The Celtic Languages


Author: Martin Ball,Nicole Muller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113685472X
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 696
View: 8931
This comprehensive volume describes in depth all the Celtic languages from historical, structural and sociolinguistic perspectives, with individual chapters on Irish, Scottish, Gaelic, Manx, Welsh, Breton and Cornish. Organized for ease of reference, The Celtic Languages is arranged in four parts. The first, Historical Aspects, covers the origin and history of the Celtic languages, their spread and retreat, present-day distribution and a sketch of the extant and recently extant languages. Parts II and III describe the structural detail of each language, including phonology, mutation, morphology, syntax, dialectology and lexis. The final part provides wide-ranging sociolinguistic detail, such as areas of usage (in government, church, media, education, business), maintenance (institutional support offered), and prospects for survival (examination of demographic changes and how they affect these languages). Special Features: * Presents the first modern, comprehensive linguistic description of this important language family * Provides a full discussion of the likely progress of Irish, Welsh and Breton * Includes the most recent research on newly discovered Continental Celtic inscriptions

    • History

Viking Friendship

The Social Bond in Iceland and Norway, c. 900-1300
Author: Jon Vidar Sigurdsson
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501708473
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 6594
" ""To a faithful friend, straight are the roads and short.""—Odin, from the Havamal (c. 1000) Friendship was the most important social bond in Iceland and Norway during the Viking Age and the early Middle Ages. Far more significantly than kinship ties, it defined relations between chieftains, and between chieftains and householders. In Viking Friendship, Jon Vidar Sigurdsson explores the various ways in which friendship tied Icelandic and Norwegian societies together, its role in power struggles and ending conflicts, and how it shaped religious beliefs and practices both before and after the introduction of Christianity. Drawing on a wide range of Icelandic sagas and other sources, Sigurdsson details how loyalties between friends were established and maintained. The key elements of Viking friendship, he shows, were protection and generosity, which was most often expressed through gift giving and feasting. In a society without institutions that could guarantee support and security, these were crucial means of structuring mutual assistance. As a political force, friendship was essential in the decentralized Free State period in Iceland's history (from its settlement about 800 until it came under Norwegian control in the years 1262–1264) as local chieftains vied for power and peace. In Norway, where authority was more centralized, kings attempted to use friendship to secure the loyalty of their subjects. The strong reciprocal demands of Viking friendship also informed the relationship that individuals had both with the Old Norse gods and, after 1000, with Christianity's God and saints. Addressing such other aspects as the possibility of friendship between women and the relationship between friendship and kinship, Sigurdsson concludes by tracing the decline of friendship as the fundamental social bond in Iceland as a consequence of Norwegian rule. "

    • History

Song of the Vikings

Snorri and the Making of Norse Myths
Author: Nancy Marie Brown
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1137073713
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 1440
Much like Greek and Roman mythology, Norse myths are still with us. Famous storytellers from JRR Tolkien to Neil Gaiman have drawn their inspiration from the long-haired, mead-drinking, marauding and pillaging Vikings. Their creator is a thirteenth-century Icelandic chieftain by the name of Snorri Sturluson. Like Homer, Snorri was a bard, writing down and embellishing the folklore and pagan legends of medieval Scandinavia. Unlike Homer, Snorri was a man of the world—a wily political power player, one of the richest men in Iceland who came close to ruling it, and even closer to betraying it... In Song of the Vikings, award-winning author Nancy Marie Brown brings Snorri Sturluson's story to life in a richly textured narrative that draws on newly available sources.

    • History

Feud in the Icelandic Saga


Author: Jesse L. Byock
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520082595
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 9490
Byock sees the crucial element in the origin of the Icelandic sagas not as the introduction of writing or the impact of literary borrowings from the continent but the subject of the tales themselves - feud. This simple thesis is developed into a thorough examination of Icelandic society and feud, and of the narrative technique of recounting it.

    • History

The Viking Diaspora


Author: Judith Jesch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317482530
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 564
The Viking Diaspora presents the early medieval migrations of people, language and culture from mainland Scandinavia to new homes in the British Isles, the North Atlantic, the Baltic and the East as a form of ‘diaspora’. It discusses the ways in which migrants from Russia in the east to Greenland in the west were conscious of being connected not only to the people and traditions of their homelands, but also to other migrants of Scandinavian origin in many other locations. Rather than the movements of armies, this book concentrates on the movements of people and the shared heritage and culture that connected them. This on-going contact throughout half a millennium can be traced in the laws, literatures, material culture and even environment of the various regions of the Viking diaspora. Judith Jesch considers all of these connections, and highlights in detail significant forms of cultural contact including gender, beliefs and identities. Beginning with an overview of Vikings and the Viking Age, the nature of the evidence available, and a full exploration of the concept of ‘diaspora’, the book then provides a detailed demonstration of the appropriateness of the term to the world peopled by Scandinavians. This book is the first to explain Scandinavian expansion using this model, and presents the Viking Age in a new and exciting way for students of Vikings and medieval history.

    • Foreign Language Study

An Icelandic Primer with Grammar, Notes and Glossary


Author: Henry Sweet
Publisher: Sagwan Press
ISBN: 9781376508888
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 138
View: 7823
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

    • History

The Vikings and Their Age


Author: Angus A. Somerville,R. Andrew McDonald
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605243
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 1924
This book, the first in our Companions to Medieval Studies series, is a brief introduction to the history, culture, and religion of the Viking Age and provides an essential foundation for study of the period. The companion begins by defining the Viking Age and explores topics such as Viking society and religion. Viking biographies provide students with information on important figures in Viking lore such as Harald Bluetooth, Eirik the Red, Leif Eiriksson, and Gudrid Thorbjarnardaughter, a female Viking traveler. A compelling chapter entitled "How Do We Know About the Vikings?" and a case study on the wandering monks of St. Philibert introduce students to the process of historical inquiry. The book concludes with a discussion of the impact of the Vikings and their legacy. Pedagogical resources include a detailed chronology, study questions, a glossary, 4 maps, and 14 images. Text boxes provide information on outsider perceptions of the Vikings, a detailed account of a Viking raid, and a description of a chieftain's dwelling in Arctic Norway. This study also benefits from a multi-disciplinary approach including insights and evidence from such diverse disciplines as archaeology, philology, religion, linguistics, and genetics.